Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Headship Influence on Population Structure in Khasi Matriarchal Society
This study highlights the influence of male and female headship is Khasi matrilineal society of Meghalaya, India. Age-specific population distribution and pyramid are measured to understand the age and sex-structure existing at both population, regional and national level. Population structure can have considerable impact on the population’s current and future social and economic situation. A total of 528 households were studied through purposive sampling using pre-tested modified demographic schedule. The total sex-ratio of the Khasi was found to be 1170 and that of children population is 1020, both of which are much higher that of northeast India and national average. Female headed households are found to be more prevalent in the population. About two-third of the total population are found to be headed by females. Sex-wise comparison was also made in education, occupation and decision making. It was found that female dominates in higher education and professional pursuits. More than half of the males were found as unemployed in female headed households. The household headship type is found to be having statistically significant influence on education, occupation and decision making such as custody of children, education of children, marriage and domestic purchases. It is also observed that the gender based headship largely defines the demographic characteristic in this matrilineal population.
Khasi, Population Distribution, Sex Ratio, Socioeconomic Variables, Headship Type.
- Vostrikova, A. 1970. The Importance of Data on the Age and Sex Structure of the Population, Problems in Economics. 12(11): 27-39.
- Stromquist, NP. 2014. Women in the Third World: An Encyclopedia of Contemporary Issues (Garland Reference Library of Social Science) London, New york. Routledge Press.
- Harries DB, Ware FJ, Fischer CW, Biswas J, Kharpran BD. 2008. A Review of the biospeleology of Meghalaya, India. Journal of Cave and Karst Studies. 70(3):163–176.
- Census of India 2001. Provisional Population Totals. Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2001.
- Census of India 2011. Gender composition of population. Registrar General & Census Commissioner, Ministry of Home Affairs, Government of India. 2011.
- Kumar N, Gupta A. 2012. Female-headed household in India: evidence-based situational analysis. PAA Annual meeting paper.
- Nongbri T. 1997. Gender and the Khasi family structure” in Patricia Uberoi Family, Kinship and Marriage in India. Delhi. Oxford University Press.
- Kumar DU, Ghosh BN. 2007. Status of Women in the Rural Khasi Society of Meghalaya. Proceedings of National Level Seminar on Gender Issues and Empowerment of Women Kolkata. Munich Personal RePEc Archive.
- Arif, Mohd. 2011. Gender Inequality and Declining Sex Ratio in India. Research Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 2(1):13-18.
- Ryndem S. 2017. The essence of Khasi Matriliny. IOSR-Journal of Humanities and Social Sciences. 22(9): 53-58.
Abstract Views: 5
PDF Views: 0