Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Social Security Provisions in Practice:Evidence from Prerogative of Indian Workforce
Social security not only protects people from various shocks across the life cycle, but also plays a crucial role in boosting domestic demand and productivity, supporting the structural transformation of national economies, and promoting a culture of decent work. In this concern, the paper intends to analyze the association of prerogative of the workforce for social security provisions with various factors related to the quality of workforce and status of employment, using unit level data extracted from the 68th round of NSS survey on employment and unemployment with the help of chi-square test statistics. The paper wraps up with the conclusion that social security provisions are still at a milestone as the majority of the workforce is out of social security net. Qualitative attributes of workforce help in getting better job opportunities in the formal sector and thus opens a route of entitlement for social security provisions. Herein, the status of employment has emerged as an important factor in this concern. Herein, regular and contractual workers in government and large enterprises/organisations, formal private limited companies and cooperative societies etc. are entitled for social security provisions. Casual workers, domestic servants, self-employed and informal workers without any job contract have remained out of the social security net. Hereby, a special policy of the government is required to broaden the umbrella for social security provisions. There is a dire need of special provisions for self-employed to provide strength to entrepreneurs to come up as job providers under the safety net to fight against the uncertain and undesirable phase of a lifetime.
Social Security Provisions, The Prerogative of Workforce, Qualitative Attributes of the Workforce, The Status of Employment.
- Bharat, P. P., Paul, B. (2015). Social security schemes in India - Current status and way ahead. International Journal of Interdisciplinary and Multidisciplinary Studies 2(8), 60-63.
- Bhat, J.A., Yadav, P. (2017). Economic informal sector and the perspective of informal workers in India. Arts and Social Sciences Journal 8(1), 1-9.
- Cohen, J. (1988). Statistical power analysis for the behavioural sciences (2nd ed.). New York: Academic Press.
- Cohen, J. (1992). A power primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112(1), 155–159. Fasih, F. (2011). Social security of unorganized workers in India. Kolkata. Available at: http://ssrn.com/abstract=1968206.
- Duggal, R. (2012). Social Security Budgets in India: A Critical Assessment. Accessed from http://www.mfcindia.org/main/bgpapers/bgpapers2013/am/bgpap2013v.pdf.
- GOI (2015-16). Report on Fifth Annual Employment – Unemployment Survey, Volume I. Chandigarh: Labour Bureau, Ministry of Labour and Employment.
- Gunatilaka, R. (2008). Informal Employment in Sri Lanka: Nature, Probability of Employment, and Determinants of Wages. ILO sub-regional office of South - Asia, New Delhi. Retrieved from "http://www.ilo.org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---asia/---ro-bangkok/---sro-new_delhi/documents/publication/wcms_123348.pdf"/documents/publication/wcms_123348.pdf.
- ILO (2001). Social security: A new consensus. Geneva: ILO.
- ILO (2017). World social protection report 2017–19: Universal social protection to achieve the sustainable development goals. Geneva: ILO.
- Kulkarni, S., Raju, S., Bammidi, S. (n.d.). Social security for the elderly in India. Building knowledge base on ageing in India: increased awareness, access and quality of elderly services. Banglore: ISEC, New Delhi: UNFPA, IEC, Mumbai: TISS,.
- NCEUS (2006). Social Security for Unorganised Workers. New Delhi: NCEUS.
- NCEUS (2009). The challenge of employment in India: An informal economy perspective, volume 1-main report. New Delhi: NCEUS.
- NSS (2014). Informal sector and conditions of employment in India. Delhi: Ministry of statistics and programme implementation, Government of India (NSS report no. 557(68/10/2)).
- NSS (2011-12). Employment and unemployment schedule 10, 68th round unit level data, CD- Rom. Delhi: Ministry of statistics and programme implementation, Government of India.
- Papola, T.S. (2008). Employment challenge and strategies in India: An assessment in the framework of ILO’s global employment agenda. New Delhi: Sub-regional office for South Asia (ILO Asia-Pacific Working Paper).
- Prakash, A. (2015). Labour law. Indian Legal System. pp-391-446. Accessed from http://188.8.131.52:8080/jspui/ bitstream/123456789/738/16/Worker%20Law.pdf on January 28, 2018.
- Purcell, P.J., Iams, H.M., Shoffner, D. (2015). Education, earnings inequality, and future social security benefits: A microsimulation analysis. Social Security Bulletin 75(3),15-33.
- Sarkar, S. and Mehta, B.S., (2010). Income Inequality in India: Pre- and Post-Reform Periods, Economic and Political Weekly, 45 (37): 45-55.
- Srivastva, R.S. (2013). A social protection floor for India. DWT for South Asia and ILO Country Office for India, New Delhi.
- Tanabe, K., and Urdinola, D.F.A. (2012). Micro-Determinants of Informal Employment in the Middle East and North Africa Region. World Bank. Sp Discussion Paper No. 1201. Retrieved from http://documents.worldbank.org/curated/en/843621468275089806/pdf/665940NWP00PUB0Box365795B0SPDP01201.pdf.
- Tiwari, A.K., Ghei, D., Goel, P. (2017). Social security agreements (SSAs) in practice: Evidence from India’s SSA with countries in Europe. New Delhi: National Institute of Public Finance and Policy (NIPFP Working paper WP-203).
Abstract Views: 68
PDF Views: 0