Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Developing a Training Package for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities involving Natural Properties


Affiliations
1 Department of Mental Retardation, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, Periyanaickenpalaym, Coimbatore – 641020, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Unemployed youth has been one of the burning issues for research and policy. Recent estimates from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) (2013a) suggest that high and rising unemployment rates among youth remain a key challenge to global development, especially in the developing world. This is particularly important in South Asian countries where about 85 per cent of youth (defined by the ILO as all those between the ages of 15 and 24 years) are poor, 70 percent live in rural areas and 11 million youth are expected to enter the labour market every year for the next decade (World Bank 2014). In spite of the emphasis on the right-based approach to disability, about 82% PwDs worldwide live below the poverty line (Cramm and Finkenflugel, 2008:16). An estimated 65-80% of 60 million PwDs in rural areas of India do not have access to basic minimum facilities (Ghai, 2001:29). This paper throws lights on an experiment done with Persons with Intellectual Disabilities (hereafter PwID) using natural properties (soil, seeds, seedling/saplings, plant, vegetables etc.) and significant differences observed during the experimentation. The researcher emphasizes that life skillsfor independent and dignified living can be taught easily to PwID with proper planning, networking and step by step implementation.

Keywords

Youth Unemployment, Persons with Intellectual Disabilities, Agriculture Training.
Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Adesugba M., and Mavrotas, G., (2016). Delving Deeper into the Agricultural Transformation and Youth Employment Nexus: The Nigerian Case, available at file:///G:/Agri/Delving_deeper_into_the_agricultural_transformation_and_youth_employment_nexus_The _Nigerian_case.pdf on December 2018
  • Barnes, C. and Mercer, G. (2003). Disability: An Introduction. Cambridge: Polity Press, available at https://disability-studies.leeds.ac.uk/wp-content/uploads/sites/40/library/Barnes-implementing-the-social-model-chapter-1.pdf
  • Berg., M. V. D., Wendel-Vos., Poppel, M. V., Kemper, H., Mechelen and Maas., J. (2015), Health benefits of green spaces on the living environment: A systematic review of epidemiological studies, Urban Forestry and Urban Greening, Vol. 14, Issue 4 accessed on 06.02.2019 available at https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1618866715001016
  • Carney, D., (1998). Implementing the Sustainable Rural Livelihoods. In: D. Carney, ed. 1998.Sustainable Rural Livelihoods: What contribution we can make?. London: DFID. pp. 3-23.
  • Chambers, R and Conway, G. R., (1991). Sustainable rural livelihoods: practical concepts for 21st century. IDS Discussion Paper (296), [online].
  • Cianciolo, A. T., and Sternberg, R. J. (2004), Intelligence: A Brief History, available at https://books.google.co.in/books/about/ Intelligence.html?id=rGFiqMJ-jNEC&redir_esc=y
  • Coleridge, P. and Venkatesh, B., (2010). Community Approaches to Livelihood Development: Self-help Groups in India. In: T. Barron and J. M. Ncube, eds. 2010. Poverty and Disability. London: Leonard Cheshire Disability, pp.177-213.
  • Cramm, J. and Finkenflugel, H., (2008). Exclusion of Disabled People from Microcredit in Africa and Asia: A Literature Study. Asia Pacific Disability Rehabilitation Journal, 19(2), pp. 15-33.
  • Division of Long Team Care, Wisconsin, (2014). www.dhs.wisconsin.gov.publications/PO/P000899 )
  • Ghai, A., (2001). Marginalization and disability: experiences from Third World. In: M Priestley, ed. Disability and life course: Global Perspectives. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. pp. 26-37.
  • http://opendocs.ids.ac.uk/opendocs/bitstream/handle/123456789/775/Dp296.pdf, sequence=1ANT
  • International Labour Organization (2002), Disability and Poverty Reduction Strategy- How to ensure that a person with disabilities to decent and productive work is the part of PSRP process. In: Discussion paper on In-focus programme on skills, knowledge and employability/disability programme, available at http://www.ilo. org/wcmsp5/groups/public/---ed_emp/--ifp_skills/documents/publication/wcms_107921.pdf
  • Hartig, T., Book, A., Garvill, J., Olsson, T., and Garling, T. (1996) Environmental influence on psychological restoration, Scandinavian Journal of Psychology available at https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/abs/10.1111/j.1467-9450.1996.tb00670.x
  • Luckasson, R., Coulter, D. L., Polloway, E. A., Reiss, S., Schalock, R. L., Snell, M. E., Spitalnick, D. M., & Stark, J. A. (1992). Mental retardation: Definition, classification, and systems of supports (9th Edition). Washington, DC: American Association on Mental Retardation.
  • Mohapatra, C. S., (2004). Poverty and Disability in India. In: C.S. Mohapatra, ed. 2004. Disability and Management in India: Challenges and Commitments, [online].
  • Paramane, S., (2016), Mainstreaming Mentally Retarded Children Through Inclusive Education Under SSA – A Case Study, GSTF Journal of Education, Vol. 3, Issue 2, DOI: 10.7603/s40742-015-0017
  • Promoting training and employment opportunities for people with intellectual disabilities: international experience / Trevor R. Parmenter; International Labour Office, Employment Sector, Skills and Employability Department. -Geneva: ILO, (2011). Employment working paper, No.103
  • Roulstone, R. and Barnes. C., (2005). ‘Work’ is four-letter word: disability, work and welfare. In: A. Roulstone and C. Barnes, eds. 2005. Working Futures? Disabled people, policy and social inclusion. Bristol: The Polity Press, pp. 315-326.
  • WHO 2010b).https://www.who.int/whosis/whostat/2010/en/World Bank, (2014). available at https://siteresources. worldbank.org/.../Resources/.../WDR-2014_Complete_Report.pdf Yeo, R and Moore, (2003). Including Disabled People in Poverty Reduction Strategy: ‘Nothing About Us, Without Us’. World Development, 31(3).
  • https://www.prnewswire.com/news-releases/unemployment-of-people-with-intellectual-disabilities-more-than-twice-as-high-as-general-population-245835281.html
  • file://Disability%20Scenario%20in%20India%20with%20reference%20to%20Livelihood%20of%20PwDs-%20Country%20Status.pdf

Abstract Views: 26

PDF Views: 0




  • Developing a Training Package for Persons with Intellectual Disabilities involving Natural Properties

Abstract Views: 26  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Saumya Chandra
Department of Mental Retardation, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda Educational and Research Institute, Periyanaickenpalaym, Coimbatore – 641020, India

Abstract


Unemployed youth has been one of the burning issues for research and policy. Recent estimates from the International Labour Organisation (ILO) (2013a) suggest that high and rising unemployment rates among youth remain a key challenge to global development, especially in the developing world. This is particularly important in South Asian countries where about 85 per cent of youth (defined by the ILO as all those between the ages of 15 and 24 years) are poor, 70 percent live in rural areas and 11 million youth are expected to enter the labour market every year for the next decade (World Bank 2014). In spite of the emphasis on the right-based approach to disability, about 82% PwDs worldwide live below the poverty line (Cramm and Finkenflugel, 2008:16). An estimated 65-80% of 60 million PwDs in rural areas of India do not have access to basic minimum facilities (Ghai, 2001:29). This paper throws lights on an experiment done with Persons with Intellectual Disabilities (hereafter PwID) using natural properties (soil, seeds, seedling/saplings, plant, vegetables etc.) and significant differences observed during the experimentation. The researcher emphasizes that life skillsfor independent and dignified living can be taught easily to PwID with proper planning, networking and step by step implementation.

Keywords


Youth Unemployment, Persons with Intellectual Disabilities, Agriculture Training.

References