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Sub-Regional Aspiration and Assam:A Study on the Institutional Framework


Affiliations
1 Centre for Political Studies, JNU, New Delhi, India
     

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One of the intractable questions that have confined Indian federalism is how to accommodate deep pluralism in the regions with a viable political unity with the larger federal unity of India.One of the responses of the Indian state has been to recognize sub-regional aspirations with distinct federal units by carving them out as a state. But such a response has led to the huge multiplication of demands of separate statehood. In fact, that does not seem to be an end to such demands. One of the great experiments that were tried out in this response is in Assam. This study goes into the deliberative process and institutional framework adopted to wield great diversity into a federal unit. While there can be disagreement with regard to the substantive process that led to regional consolidation, the procedures adaptable for that purpose need to be subjected to a critical scrutiny. Assam can offer a case of great complexity for this purpose.

Keywords

Assam, Sub –Regional, Institution, Statehood, Federalism.
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  • The introduction part of the committee explains The Excluded and Partially Excluded area of Assam as scheduled by the Order in Council under the Government of India Act,1935.Excluded areas-The North-East Frontier (Sadiya,Balipara and Lakhimpur),Tracts- The Naga Hill District,TheLushai Hills District,The North Cachar Hills Sub-Division of the Cachar District . Partially Excluded areas - TheGaro Hills District,TheMikir Hills (in the Nawgaon and Sibsagar Districts),The British Portion of Khasi and Jayantia Hills District other than Shillong Municipality and cant.
  • However committee examined representatives of Garo Hills district at Gauhati and paid a visit to certain Garo village on and near Gauhati .
  • The District Conference was convened by the superintendent of the Lusai Hill and hi himself propounded a scheme before the committee. Role of the superintendent was that convenient as he did have a secure vision regarding the administration of the area. Constituent Assembly Debate 1009,vol IX
  • Vesting power of the administration to District Council and Regional Council.
  • Till 15th August 1947, none from the plains could go there and contact them.
  • Constituent Assembly Debate ,p1012,Vol IX
  • He questioned in the Assembly –“ May I ask the honorable Member to refer to that provision of the new constitution whereby the people –non-tribal people –living in a tribal area can exercise their choice in areas not included in the tribal area ?In the first place the tribal areas as it now stand, are not final. The Governor has given the power of fixing the boundaries.”
  • Constituent Assembly Debate,p 1019,vol. IX
  • Constituent Assembly Debate, p 1015, Vol IX
  • Constituent Assembly Debate, p 1024, Vol IX
  • Constituent Assembly Debate, p 1028, Vol IX

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  • Sub-Regional Aspiration and Assam:A Study on the Institutional Framework

Abstract Views: 27  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Shyamjyoti Saikia
Centre for Political Studies, JNU, New Delhi, India

Abstract


One of the intractable questions that have confined Indian federalism is how to accommodate deep pluralism in the regions with a viable political unity with the larger federal unity of India.One of the responses of the Indian state has been to recognize sub-regional aspirations with distinct federal units by carving them out as a state. But such a response has led to the huge multiplication of demands of separate statehood. In fact, that does not seem to be an end to such demands. One of the great experiments that were tried out in this response is in Assam. This study goes into the deliberative process and institutional framework adopted to wield great diversity into a federal unit. While there can be disagreement with regard to the substantive process that led to regional consolidation, the procedures adaptable for that purpose need to be subjected to a critical scrutiny. Assam can offer a case of great complexity for this purpose.

Keywords


Assam, Sub –Regional, Institution, Statehood, Federalism.

References