Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Rural Livelihood Complexes:A Perspective on Mishing Livelihood System
North-eastern India, despite its multifaceted potential, is one of the most underrated and least explored regions of the country. In terms of natural resources, the region is identified as one of the world‟s biodiversity hotspots. This immense potential, however, is yet to be interpreted into economic prosperity. The very concept of livelihood in North-East India is related to the natural resource potentials at the sub-community level. The Mishing in Assam is a riverine tribal community living at the confluences of rivers like Brahmaputra, Subansiri and their tributaries. Their livelihood system is composed of simple resources. The main objective of the paper is that by taking an example from Mishing one examines the complexities and livelihood linkages of a rural system in order to understand the survivability aspects of rural communities in totality. The paper is mostly based on observations made from primary sources of information. The paper concludes with a broad generalisation on how rural tribal communities like Mishing realize their livelihood from a web of five main resource complexes and have survived and lived over the years by productively utilising these livelihood resources in whatever form they may be available.
Capital Assets, Livelihood, Sustainability.
- Bernstein Henry, Crow Ben and Johnson Hazel (ed). Rural livelihoods: crises and responses. Oxford University Press, USA.1992:147.
- Ellies Frank. Rural livelihoods and diversity in developing countries. Oxford University Press, New York. 2000: 33,34.
- International Fund for Agricultural Development. Understanding poor people and their livelihoods, downloaded on November 3, 2016 www.ifad.org/documents/10180/fa0b2fdd-88c8-42c0-9330-2926fb0dbdea
- Islam Mohammad Ajaz-ul, Quli SM Sulaiman, Rai R and Sofi PA. Livelihood contributions of forest resources to the tribal communities of Jharkhand. Indian Journal of Fundamental and Applied Life Sciences, Vol. 3 (2) April-June.2013:131 downloaded on October 11, 2016
- Kalimang Nathaniel Naftali, Kihombo Agrey and Kalimang Natalia. Contribution of Contract Cocoa Production on Improving Livelihood of Smallholder Farmers. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2014: 1 downloaded on August 20,2016 http://www.ijsrp.org/research-paper-1014/ijsrp-p34108.pdf
- Mphande Fingani Annie. Infectious diseases and rural livelihood in developing countries. Springer, Singapore.2016:20.
- Niehof Anke and Price Lisa. Rural livelihood systems: A conceptual framework. Wageningen Upward Series on Rural Livelihoods No.1. 2001:13.
- Salagrama Venkatesh and Koriya Thaddeus. Assessing Opportunities for Livelihood Enhancement and Diversification in Coastal Fishing Communities of Southern India. United Nations India and Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, New Delhi. 2008:11 downloaded on April 5, 2016
- Salagrama Venkatesh. Trends in poverty and livelihoods in coastal fishing communities of Orissa State, India. Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, fisheries technical paper 490. Rome. 2006:1, downloaded on April 5, 2016 http://www.fao.org/3/a-a0692e.pdf
- Scoones Ian. Sustainable rural livelihoods- A framework for analysis. IDS Working paper 72., downloaded on November 11, 2016 www.staff.ncl.ac.uk/david.harvey/ AEF806/Sconnes 1998.pdf
- Shanley Patrica, Pierce Alan, Laird Sarah and Robinson Dawn. Beyond timber: certification and management of non-timber forest products. Harapan Prima, Indonesia. 2008:1.
- Wegren Stephen K. Land reform in post-communist Russia: the effects of household labour in The political economy of rural livelihoods in Transition economies- land, peasants and rural poverty in transition, Edited by Max Spoor. Routledge, London. 2009:58.
Abstract Views: 53
PDF Views: 0