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A Probe into the Ideology and Politics of the Extremist Wing of the Indian National Congress (1885-1930)


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1 State Govt Bihar, India
     

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The proposed research monograph entitled "A probe into the ideology and politics of the Extremist wing of the Indian National Congress" (1885-1930) is an attempted move to explain and characterize the various ideological tenets that combined together had constituted the basic creed of the Congress as a coalion of various ideology which fought together decisive battles against British colonial rule.

An elite class, educated in modern education and western democrativve system, emerged as the first vanguard of Indian nation. This class of people tempered by new consciousness derived from widening of modern knowledge and democrativevalue, demanded to implement certain corrective measures for freedom of speech, press and eradication of the modification in social and religious order if India , now not suited to the ameliorative demand for social change .

Frustration of their hopes in British imperialism was inevitable fate of the order leadership. As the failure of the old school became apparent it was equally inevitable that a new school of thought appeared demanding more positive programmed and effective method to fight imperialism out This newly emerged school of thought, associated with Tilak, branded itself as 'nationalist' also 'integral nationalist 'or' orthodox nationalist and came to be known as Extremist in opposition to the Moderates. The research has analysed the politico-ideological creeds of of these two schools of thoughts and inferred that it would be a mistake to cognise the impugned thoughts ineach as a radical left wing ideology of the Extremist and a conservative reactionary ideology of the Moderate, the research has found the position just contradictory .

The research, in its probe into the Extremist ideology of the Congress has concluded that with all its limitations and deviations in posing an alternative to compromising trend adhered by the upper class leadership of the national movement the Extremist injected in the movement an ideology of uncompromising battle against imperialism, a concept that led the Indian nations to insert in the movement the ideology of socialism. The Extremist ideology of early Tilakites, ceased to be operative in the national movement since 1916 but the ground it had prepared for a no conciliatory battle against British rule provided radicals to stand on it with their ideology of socialism .


Keywords

Distinguists, Colonial, Bibliography, Exploit, Emergence.
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  • Sir William Wedderburn, Allan Octavian Hume, Father of the Indian National Congress, 1913, p.50.
  • Ramesh Chandra Dutt , The Economic History of India, vol. I Preface " India under Early British Rule" ,1901, p XVIII
  • Quoted by :R.P.Dutta, India Today, Manish Granthalay, Calcutta, 1997, p. 322
  • Ibid, p. 325 .
  • Young India, 31, December, 1919.
  • Lala Lajpat Rai, Presidential Address to the Special Congress session in Sept., 1920, Calcutta .
  • Official History of the National Congress, P. 628
  • The Times, 8 May, 1931 .
  • Gandhi's Letter to Victory, 2 March, 1930 .
  • Young India, 27 February, 1930 .

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  • A Probe into the Ideology and Politics of the Extremist Wing of the Indian National Congress (1885-1930)

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Authors

Pradip Kumar Singh
State Govt Bihar, India

Abstract


The proposed research monograph entitled "A probe into the ideology and politics of the Extremist wing of the Indian National Congress" (1885-1930) is an attempted move to explain and characterize the various ideological tenets that combined together had constituted the basic creed of the Congress as a coalion of various ideology which fought together decisive battles against British colonial rule.

An elite class, educated in modern education and western democrativve system, emerged as the first vanguard of Indian nation. This class of people tempered by new consciousness derived from widening of modern knowledge and democrativevalue, demanded to implement certain corrective measures for freedom of speech, press and eradication of the modification in social and religious order if India , now not suited to the ameliorative demand for social change .

Frustration of their hopes in British imperialism was inevitable fate of the order leadership. As the failure of the old school became apparent it was equally inevitable that a new school of thought appeared demanding more positive programmed and effective method to fight imperialism out This newly emerged school of thought, associated with Tilak, branded itself as 'nationalist' also 'integral nationalist 'or' orthodox nationalist and came to be known as Extremist in opposition to the Moderates. The research has analysed the politico-ideological creeds of of these two schools of thoughts and inferred that it would be a mistake to cognise the impugned thoughts ineach as a radical left wing ideology of the Extremist and a conservative reactionary ideology of the Moderate, the research has found the position just contradictory .

The research, in its probe into the Extremist ideology of the Congress has concluded that with all its limitations and deviations in posing an alternative to compromising trend adhered by the upper class leadership of the national movement the Extremist injected in the movement an ideology of uncompromising battle against imperialism, a concept that led the Indian nations to insert in the movement the ideology of socialism. The Extremist ideology of early Tilakites, ceased to be operative in the national movement since 1916 but the ground it had prepared for a no conciliatory battle against British rule provided radicals to stand on it with their ideology of socialism .


Keywords


Distinguists, Colonial, Bibliography, Exploit, Emergence.

References