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Nutritional Evaluation and Palatability of Major Range forbs from South Darfur, Sudan


Affiliations
1 Graduate College, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan
2 Deputy Dean, Graduate College, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan
3 Ministry of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
4 Ministry of Science and Technology, Range and Animal Research Station, Khartoum, Sudan
5 Department of Animal Production, Sinnar University, Sinnar, Sudan
 

The nutritive value of rangelands in Southern Darfur, Sudan could be improved by introduction and multiplication of nutritious forbs with the objective of increasing livestock production in the area. The present study was conducted to evaluate the nutritive value and palatability of eleven range forbs collected at flowering stage from Gahzal Gawazat, Southern Darfur, Sudan using chemical analysis. The crude protein (CP) ranged from 6.8% in Oxygonum atriplicifolium with lowest digestible crude protein (DCP) 2.8% to 16.4% in Zornia diphylla with highest DCP 11.73%. The highest and the lowest crude fiber (CF) values were obtained in Commelina spp (56.4%) and Sesamum alatum (25.9%), respectively. NDF and DMI values were maximum and minimum for Zornia diphylla (44.9 and 2.67%) and Alysicarpus glumaceus (35.3 and 3.4%), respectively. The total digestible nutrients (TDN) ranged from 57.1% in Blepharis linariifolia to 69.3% in Tribulus terrestris with highest digestible energy (DE) in later while the lowest DE was obtained in Commelina spp (2.4%). The calculated in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) was highest for the Canavalia ensiformis (50.27%) and lowest value (43.17%) for Commelina spp. Zornia diphylla, Tribulus terrestris and Sesamum alatum showed highest nutritive value, while Alysicarpus glumaceus, Oldenlandia senegalensis and Chrozophora brocchiana showed highest palatability. It is concluded that these rangeland forbs are palatable and their CP and energy contents are sufficient to support different classes of livestock in South Darfur, Sudan.

Keywords

Forbs, Nutritive Value, Palatability, Relative Feed Value, Energy Value.
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  • Nutritional Evaluation and Palatability of Major Range forbs from South Darfur, Sudan

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Authors

Hafiz Abdalla Mohamed Ali
Graduate College, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan
Abu Bakr Omer Ismail
Deputy Dean, Graduate College, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan
Mohammed Fatur
Deputy Dean, Graduate College, University of Bahri, Khartoum, Sudan
Faisal Awad Ahmed
Ministry of Science and Technology, Khartoum, Sudan
El Hadi Omer Ahmed
Ministry of Science and Technology, Range and Animal Research Station, Khartoum, Sudan
Magda Elmahdi Elbushra Ahmed
Department of Animal Production, Sinnar University, Sinnar, Sudan

Abstract


The nutritive value of rangelands in Southern Darfur, Sudan could be improved by introduction and multiplication of nutritious forbs with the objective of increasing livestock production in the area. The present study was conducted to evaluate the nutritive value and palatability of eleven range forbs collected at flowering stage from Gahzal Gawazat, Southern Darfur, Sudan using chemical analysis. The crude protein (CP) ranged from 6.8% in Oxygonum atriplicifolium with lowest digestible crude protein (DCP) 2.8% to 16.4% in Zornia diphylla with highest DCP 11.73%. The highest and the lowest crude fiber (CF) values were obtained in Commelina spp (56.4%) and Sesamum alatum (25.9%), respectively. NDF and DMI values were maximum and minimum for Zornia diphylla (44.9 and 2.67%) and Alysicarpus glumaceus (35.3 and 3.4%), respectively. The total digestible nutrients (TDN) ranged from 57.1% in Blepharis linariifolia to 69.3% in Tribulus terrestris with highest digestible energy (DE) in later while the lowest DE was obtained in Commelina spp (2.4%). The calculated in vitro organic matter digestibility (IVOMD) was highest for the Canavalia ensiformis (50.27%) and lowest value (43.17%) for Commelina spp. Zornia diphylla, Tribulus terrestris and Sesamum alatum showed highest nutritive value, while Alysicarpus glumaceus, Oldenlandia senegalensis and Chrozophora brocchiana showed highest palatability. It is concluded that these rangeland forbs are palatable and their CP and energy contents are sufficient to support different classes of livestock in South Darfur, Sudan.

Keywords


Forbs, Nutritive Value, Palatability, Relative Feed Value, Energy Value.