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Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: a Panel Data Approach


Affiliations
1 Department of Economics, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca, Argentina
 

Occupational injuries pose major public health and development related problems. However, efforts towards identification of determinants of labor incidents among salaried workers are still scarce in developing countries. This study aimed to identify sector and time effects on occupational accidents and diseases among Argentinean workers during 2004-2013. A negative binomial panel data model is estimated based on official data on injuries and fatalities in workplaces collected by the Board of Occupational Risks. Business cycle and profitability indicators are used as explanatory variables. Estimations also are adjusted by sector and time effects. Argentina business cycle tends to be negatively related with occupational injuries rates. In contrast, accidents at work reported tend to exhibit longer losses in working days. We also find a positive relationship between profitability and fatal injuries. These results may suggest incentives for under reporting and lower investments in safety by more profitable activities, which can imply some level of endogeneity between profit rate and occupational injuries.

Keywords

Occupational Injuries, Occupational Risk Law, Panel Data Model, Argentina.
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  • Recent Trends in Occupational Injuries and Diseases in Argentina: a Panel Data Approach

Abstract Views: 116  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Valentina Viego
Department of Economics, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca, Argentina
Nicolas Sagui
Department of Economics, Universidad Nacional del Sur, Bahia Blanca, Argentina

Abstract


Occupational injuries pose major public health and development related problems. However, efforts towards identification of determinants of labor incidents among salaried workers are still scarce in developing countries. This study aimed to identify sector and time effects on occupational accidents and diseases among Argentinean workers during 2004-2013. A negative binomial panel data model is estimated based on official data on injuries and fatalities in workplaces collected by the Board of Occupational Risks. Business cycle and profitability indicators are used as explanatory variables. Estimations also are adjusted by sector and time effects. Argentina business cycle tends to be negatively related with occupational injuries rates. In contrast, accidents at work reported tend to exhibit longer losses in working days. We also find a positive relationship between profitability and fatal injuries. These results may suggest incentives for under reporting and lower investments in safety by more profitable activities, which can imply some level of endogeneity between profit rate and occupational injuries.

Keywords


Occupational Injuries, Occupational Risk Law, Panel Data Model, Argentina.