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A Study of Incidence and Risk Factors in Post Operative Abdominal Wound Infection in Tertiary Care Centre
Introduction: Surgical site infections are associated with substantial morbidity and mortality, increase in hospital stay and enhanced cost of health care. Objective of present study is to analyse the incidence of surgical site infections after major abdominal surgeries and risk factors for development of SSIs. Methods: It is observational study carried out at Department of General Surgery, Dr. Vasantrao Pawar Medical College, Nashik, Maharashtra, India. This study carried on 70 patients operated in general surgery department. The various parameters studied were age and sex of patients, presence of diabetes, hypertension malignancy, type of surgery (emergency and elective surgery), duration of surgery, and the class of wound etc. Results: Hypertension, malignancy of operated patients had surgical site infection. Significant risk factors are age, obesity, emergency surgery, dirty and contaminated wounds, prolonged hospital stay, Diabetes mellitus. Staphylococcus aureus and E. coli are most commonly identified organisms in culture. Conclusions: Post-operative abdominal wound infection represents a substantial burden of disease, both for the patients and the healthcare services in terms of the morbidity, mortality and economic costs.
Abdominal Surgery, Surgical Site Infection.
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