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Correlation of Global Solar Radiation of Eight Synoptic Stations in Burkina Faso based on Linear and Multiple Linear Regression Methods


Affiliations
1 Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’ Environnement (LPCE), Unite de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquee, Universite de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
2 Unite de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquee, Universite de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
 

We utilize the multiple linear regression method to analyse meteorological data for eight cities in Burkina Faso. A correlation between the monthly mean daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and five meteorological and geographical parameters, which are the mean daily extraterrestrial solar radiation intensity, the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the mean daily relative humidity, the mean daily maximum air temperature, and the sine of the solar declination angle, was examined. A second correlation is established for the entire country, using, this time, the monthly mean global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and the following climatic variables: the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the latitude, and the longitude. The results show that the coefficients of correlation vary between 0.96 and 0.99 depending on the station while the relative errors spread between -3.16% (Po) and 3.65% (Dedougou). The maximum value of the RMSD which is 312.36 kJ/m2 is obtained at Dori, which receives the strongest radiation. For the entire cities, the values of the MBD are found to be in the acceptable margin.
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  • Correlation of Global Solar Radiation of Eight Synoptic Stations in Burkina Faso based on Linear and Multiple Linear Regression Methods

Abstract Views: 58  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Ousmane Coulibaly
Laboratoire de Physique et Chimie de l’ Environnement (LPCE), Unite de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquee, Universite de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso
Abdoulaye Ouedraogo
Unite de Formation et de Recherche en Sciences Exactes et Appliquee, Universite de Ouagadougou, 03 BP 7021, Ouagadougou 03, Burkina Faso

Abstract


We utilize the multiple linear regression method to analyse meteorological data for eight cities in Burkina Faso. A correlation between the monthly mean daily global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and five meteorological and geographical parameters, which are the mean daily extraterrestrial solar radiation intensity, the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the mean daily relative humidity, the mean daily maximum air temperature, and the sine of the solar declination angle, was examined. A second correlation is established for the entire country, using, this time, the monthly mean global solar radiation on a horizontal surface and the following climatic variables: the average daily ratio of sunshine duration, the latitude, and the longitude. The results show that the coefficients of correlation vary between 0.96 and 0.99 depending on the station while the relative errors spread between -3.16% (Po) and 3.65% (Dedougou). The maximum value of the RMSD which is 312.36 kJ/m2 is obtained at Dori, which receives the strongest radiation. For the entire cities, the values of the MBD are found to be in the acceptable margin.