Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Incinerator System for Spent Reverse Osmosis Membrane Management:Conceptual Design and Feasibility Study


Affiliations
1 Heavy Water Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Desalination of sea water using selectively permeable reverse osmosis membrane modules has emerged as a possible long term solution to the global problem of potable water shortage. These aromatic polyamide based modules have a useful working life of about 2-3 years and the spent membranes will have to be handled at the desalination plant site itself. An on-site incineration plant with advanced flue gas conditioning and immobilization provision has been proposed as the solution to this problem. The polymeric membrane modules will be completely converted to carbon dioxide, nitrogen and water vapour upon combustion, thereby significant reduction in solid waste volume will be attained. This work presents a simplified analysis to estimate the quantity of waste to be handled by the incinerator, material and energy balances for conceptual design of the incineration plant and its carbon dioxide capture system and addresses the associated techno-commercial feasibility aspects of such a facility. Energy recovery from the combustion chamber has also been considered in this study. The methodology presented here will be useful for quick sizing and feasibility study of an incineration plant for other kinds of solid wastes with known combustion characteristics as well.

Keywords

Desalination, Flue Gas, Incinerator, Reverse Osmosis, Spent Membrane, Waste to Energy.
User
Subscription Login to verify subscription
Notifications
Font Size

  • Worldwide Seawater Desalination Capabilities. Available: http://hbfreshwater.com/desalination-101/desalination-worldwide (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • H. J. Krishna, “Introduction to Desalination Technologies,” Available: https://texaswater.tamu.edu/readings/desal/introtodesal.pdf (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • Introduction of nuclear desalination: A guidebook, Technical Reports Series No. 400, International Atomic Energy Agency, 2000. Available: https://www-pub.iaea.org/MTCD/Publications/PDF/TRS400_scr.pdf (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • Industrial RO membranes. Available: http://www.hitechmembranes.com/product-category/industrial-ro-membrane/ (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • Seawater RO membrane elements. Available: https://www.appliedmembranes.com/filmtec-seawater-membrane-elements.html (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • Reverse osmosis spiral membranes. Available: http://www.kochmembrane.com/Membrane-Products/Spiral/Reverse-Osmosis.aspx (Accessed May 10, 2018)
  • C. C. Lee, and G. L. Huffman, “Incineration of solid waste,” Environmental Progress and Sustainable Energy, vol. 8, no. 3, pp. 143-151, 1989.
  • B. Bawkon, “Incineration Technologies for managing solid waste,” Pollution Engineering, vol. 23, pp. 96-102, 1991.
  • R. Singh, “High temperature materials for CO2 capture,” Energy Procedia, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 623-630, 2009.
  • A. Borner, “Studies of Ca-based high temperature sorbents for CO2 capture,” Energy Procedia, vol. 37, pp. 9-15, 2013.
  • R. N. Walters, S. M. Hackett, R. E. Lyon, “Heats of combustion of high temperature polymers,” Fire and Materials, vol. 24, no. 5, pp. 245-252, 2000.
  • K. Aramid, “Fibre technical guide 2017,” Available: http://www.dupont.com/content/dam/dupont/products-and-services/fabrics-fibers-and-nonwovens/fibers/documents/Kevlar_Technical_Guide.pdf (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • Particulate matter controls, EPA/452/B-02-001. Available: https://www3.epa.gov/ttncatc1/dir1/cs6ch1.pdf (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • R. Bhattacharyya, and K. C. Sandeep, “Assessment of a wind energy conversion system for sustainable hydrogen production by alkaline water electrolysis in India: Effect of geographical location and wind turbine type,” Emerging Trends in Chemical Engineering, vol. 4, no. 2, pp. 5-22, 2017.
  • W. J. Lau, A. F. Ismail, N. Misdan, and M. A. Kassim, “A recent progress in thin film composite membrane: A review,” Desalination, vol. 287, pp. 190-199, 2012.
  • Cost of incineration plant. Available: https://wteinternational.com/cost-of-incineration-plant/ (Accessed May 10, 2018).
  • V. Manovic, and E. J. Anthony, “CaO-based pellets supported by calcium aluminate cements for high-temperature CO2 capture,” Environmental Science and Technology, vol. 43, no. 18, pp. 7117-7122, 2009.

Abstract Views: 25

PDF Views: 0




  • Incinerator System for Spent Reverse Osmosis Membrane Management:Conceptual Design and Feasibility Study

Abstract Views: 25  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Rupsha Bhattacharyya
Heavy Water Division, Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Trombay, Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

Abstract


Desalination of sea water using selectively permeable reverse osmosis membrane modules has emerged as a possible long term solution to the global problem of potable water shortage. These aromatic polyamide based modules have a useful working life of about 2-3 years and the spent membranes will have to be handled at the desalination plant site itself. An on-site incineration plant with advanced flue gas conditioning and immobilization provision has been proposed as the solution to this problem. The polymeric membrane modules will be completely converted to carbon dioxide, nitrogen and water vapour upon combustion, thereby significant reduction in solid waste volume will be attained. This work presents a simplified analysis to estimate the quantity of waste to be handled by the incinerator, material and energy balances for conceptual design of the incineration plant and its carbon dioxide capture system and addresses the associated techno-commercial feasibility aspects of such a facility. Energy recovery from the combustion chamber has also been considered in this study. The methodology presented here will be useful for quick sizing and feasibility study of an incineration plant for other kinds of solid wastes with known combustion characteristics as well.

Keywords


Desalination, Flue Gas, Incinerator, Reverse Osmosis, Spent Membrane, Waste to Energy.

References