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Is Independent Choice Possible?


Affiliations
1 Société Générale, Boulevard Franck Kupka, Puteaux, France
 

This paper questions the generally accepted assumption that one can make a random choice that is independent of the rest of the universe. We give a general description of any setup that could be conceived to generate random numbers. Based on the fact that the initial state of such setup together with its environment cannot be known, we show that the independence of its generated output cannot be guaranteed. Some consequences of this theoretical limitation are discussed.

Keywords

Random Number Generation, Independence, Entanglement.
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  • Is Independent Choice Possible?

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Authors

Hitoshi Inamori
Société Générale, Boulevard Franck Kupka, Puteaux, France

Abstract


This paper questions the generally accepted assumption that one can make a random choice that is independent of the rest of the universe. We give a general description of any setup that could be conceived to generate random numbers. Based on the fact that the initial state of such setup together with its environment cannot be known, we show that the independence of its generated output cannot be guaranteed. Some consequences of this theoretical limitation are discussed.

Keywords


Random Number Generation, Independence, Entanglement.