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Study of Chemical Composition of Foeniculum vulgare Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer and Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry


Affiliations
1 Department of Biology, Babylon University, Iraq
2 College of Biotechnology, Al-Qasim Green University, Iraq
 

Medicinal plants are potential sources of natural compounds with biological activities and therefore attract the attention of researchers worldwide. The objective of this research was to determine the chemical composition of seeds extract from methanol. The phytochemical compound screened by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. Fifty six bioactive phytochemical compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of Foeniculum vulgare. The identification of phytochemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention time molecular weight, molecular formula, MS Fragment- ions and Pharmacological actions. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of F. vulgare seeds proved the presence of alkenes, aliphatic fluoro compounds, alcohols, ethers, carboxlic acids, esters, nitro compounds, alkanes, hydrogen bonded alcohols and phenols.

Keywords

Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Bioactive Compounds, Fourier Transforminfrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Foeniculum Vulgare.
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  • Study of Chemical Composition of Foeniculum vulgare Using Fourier Transform Infrared Spectrophotometer and Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry

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Authors

Hussein J. Hussein
Department of Biology, Babylon University, Iraq
Mohammed Yahya Hadi
College of Biotechnology, Al-Qasim Green University, Iraq
Imad Hadi Hameed
Department of Biology, Babylon University, Iraq

Abstract


Medicinal plants are potential sources of natural compounds with biological activities and therefore attract the attention of researchers worldwide. The objective of this research was to determine the chemical composition of seeds extract from methanol. The phytochemical compound screened by gas chromatography - mass spectrometry (GC-MS) method. Fifty six bioactive phytochemical compounds were identified in the methanolic extract of Foeniculum vulgare. The identification of phytochemical compounds is based on the peak area, retention time molecular weight, molecular formula, MS Fragment- ions and Pharmacological actions. The Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) analysis of F. vulgare seeds proved the presence of alkenes, aliphatic fluoro compounds, alcohols, ethers, carboxlic acids, esters, nitro compounds, alkanes, hydrogen bonded alcohols and phenols.

Keywords


Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS), Bioactive Compounds, Fourier Transforminfrared Spectroscopy (FT-IR), Foeniculum Vulgare.