Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access

Prevalence of Self-Reported Musculoskeletal Pain, Perceived Risk Factors And Quality of Life Among School Going Students


Affiliations
1 Associate Professor, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
2 Lecturer, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
3 Graduate Physiotherapists, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
 

Introduction: Reports from WHO states low back pain and neck pain as top musculoskeletal disorders that has brought enormous global burden among school children. This study aimed to determine and understand prevalence, pattern of musculoskeletal pain and quality of life in population sample under the age of 18 years. Methods: This study was conducted on 500 school students in age group of 10-17 years. Self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms of students and region of body involved were obtained. Common factors which students perceived as responsible for musculoskeletal pain were included as part of the questionnaire along with hours of physical activity at and after school. Most commonly performed recreational activities at home was included to obtain details on sedentary lifestyle behavior of students. Health related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was assessed by 23 item-four multidimensional scale, the Pediatrics Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core scales for students and teens. It included four dimensions-Physical functioning, Emotional functioning, Social functioning and School functioning. Results: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was found to be 23.4%. Shoulder was commonly involved followed by neck and lower back. 46.2% students felt inappropriate bag weight followed by prolonged sitting to be the common factors for pain. Watching television and playing mobile games as sedentary activities, occupied most of the time after school. Weak associations were observed between gender and presence of symptoms. Analysis of PedsQL showed better quality of life among students in total scores and sub scores. Discussion: Higher prevalence of musculoskeletal pain symptoms observed in school students and adolescents and risk factors analysis, as observed in this study highlights the importance to device appropriate measures to prevent these symptoms.

Keywords

Health Related Quality of Life, Musculoskeletal Pain, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, School Students
User
Notifications
Font Size


  • Whittfield J, Legg SJ, Hedderley DI. Schoolbag weight and musculoskeletal symptoms in New Zealand secondary schools. Applied ergonomics. 2005;36 (2):193-8.
  • Mackie HW, Legg SJ. Postural and subjective responses to realistic schoolbag carriage. Ergonomics. 2008;51 (2):217-31.
  • Whittfield JK, Legg SJ, Hedderley DI. The weight and use of schoolbags in New Zealand secondary schools. Ergonomics. 2001;44 (9):819-24.
  • Mackie HW, Legg SJ. Measurement of the temporal patterns of school bag carriage using activity monitoring and structured interview. Ergonomics. 2007;50 (10):1668-79.
  • Pascoe DD, Pascoe DE, Wang YT, Shim DM, Kim CK. Influence of carrying book bags on gait cycle and posture of youths. Ergonomics. 1997;40 (6):631-41.
  • van Gent C, Dols JJ, de Rover CM, Hira Sing RA, de Vet HC. The weight of schoolbags and the occurrence of neck, shoulder, and back pain in young adolescents. Spine. 2003;28 (9):916-21.
  • Hong Y, Li JX. Influence of load and carrying methods on gait phase and ground reactions in children's stair walking. Gait & posture. 2005;22 (1):63-8.
  • Sheir-Neiss GI, Kruse RW, Rahman T, Jacobson LP, Pelli JA. The association of backpack use and back pain in adolescents. Spine. 2003;28 (9):922-30.
  • Watson KD, Papageorgiou AC, Jones GT, Taylor S, Symmons DP, Silman AJ, et al. Low back pain in schoolchildren: occurrence and characteristics. Pain. 2002;97 (1-2):87-92.
  • Wedderkopp N, Kjaer P, Hestbaek L, Korsholm L, Leboeuf-Yde C. High-level physical activity in childhood seems to protect against low back pain in early adolescence. The spine journal : official journal of the North American Spine Society. 2009;9 (2):134-41.
  • Auvinen J, Tammelin T, Taimela S, Zitting P, Karppinen J. Neck and shoulder pains in relation to physical activity and sedentary activities in adolescence. Spine. 2007;32 (9):1038-44.
  • Mwaka ES, Munabi IG, Buwembo W, Kukkiriza J, Ochieng J. Musculoskeletal pain and school bag use: a cross-sectional study among Ugandan pupils. BMC research notes. 2014;7:222.
  • Shamsoddini A, Hollisaz M, Hafezi R. Backpack weight and musculoskeletal symptoms in secondary school students, tehran, iran. Iranian journal of public health. 2010;39 (4):120-5.
  • Harrison L, Wilson S, Munafo MR. Pain-related and Psychological Symptoms in Adolescents With Musculoskeletal and Sleep Problems. The Clinical journal of pain. 2016;32 (3):246-53.
  • Auvinen J, Tammelin T, Taimela S, Zitting P, Karppinen J. Associations of physical activity and inactivity with low back pain in adolescents. Scandinavian journal of medicine & science in sports. 2008;18 (2):188-94.
  • Adamson G, Murphy S, Shevlin M, Buckle P, Stubbs D. Profiling schoolchildren in pain and associated demographic and behavioural factors: a latent class approach. Pain. 2007;129 (3):295-303.
  • Dianat I, Javadivala Z, Allahverdipour H. School Bag Weight and the Occurrence of Shoulder, Hand/Wrist and Low Back Symptoms among Iranian Elementary Schoolchildren. Health promotion perspectives. 2011;1 (1):76-85.
  • Fernandes JA, Genebra CV, Maciel NM, Fiorelli A, de Conti MH, De Vitta A. Low Back Pain in Schoolchildren: A Cross-Sectional Study in a Western City of Sao Paulo State, Brazil. Acta ortopedica brasileira. 2015;23 (5):235-8.
  • Taimela S, Kujala UM, Salminen JJ, Viljanen T. The prevalence of low back pain among children and adolescents. A nationwide, cohort-based questionnaire survey in Finland. Spine. 1997;22 (10):1132-6.

Abstract Views: 8

PDF Views: 2




  • Prevalence of Self-Reported Musculoskeletal Pain, Perceived Risk Factors And Quality of Life Among School Going Students

Abstract Views: 8  |  PDF Views: 2

Authors

Saravanan Murugan
Associate Professor, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
Prerana Saravanan
Lecturer, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
Divya Mistry
Graduate Physiotherapists, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
Jinal Modi
Graduate Physiotherapists, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
Juveriya Noorani
Graduate Physiotherapists, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India
Pooja Virani
Graduate Physiotherapists, The Sarvajanik College of Physiotherapy, Veer Narmad South Gujarat University, Surat - 395003, Gujarat, India

Abstract


Introduction: Reports from WHO states low back pain and neck pain as top musculoskeletal disorders that has brought enormous global burden among school children. This study aimed to determine and understand prevalence, pattern of musculoskeletal pain and quality of life in population sample under the age of 18 years. Methods: This study was conducted on 500 school students in age group of 10-17 years. Self-reported musculoskeletal symptoms of students and region of body involved were obtained. Common factors which students perceived as responsible for musculoskeletal pain were included as part of the questionnaire along with hours of physical activity at and after school. Most commonly performed recreational activities at home was included to obtain details on sedentary lifestyle behavior of students. Health related Quality of Life (HRQoL) was assessed by 23 item-four multidimensional scale, the Pediatrics Quality of Life Inventory (PedsQL) 4.0 Generic Core scales for students and teens. It included four dimensions-Physical functioning, Emotional functioning, Social functioning and School functioning. Results: Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain was found to be 23.4%. Shoulder was commonly involved followed by neck and lower back. 46.2% students felt inappropriate bag weight followed by prolonged sitting to be the common factors for pain. Watching television and playing mobile games as sedentary activities, occupied most of the time after school. Weak associations were observed between gender and presence of symptoms. Analysis of PedsQL showed better quality of life among students in total scores and sub scores. Discussion: Higher prevalence of musculoskeletal pain symptoms observed in school students and adolescents and risk factors analysis, as observed in this study highlights the importance to device appropriate measures to prevent these symptoms.

Keywords


Health Related Quality of Life, Musculoskeletal Pain, Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory, School Students

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/jeoh%2F2020%2F25989