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Overweight and Obesity among 25–60 Years Women in Lahore, Pakistan


Affiliations
1 Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
2 House Officer, Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan
3 Fatima Memorial Hospital College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore, Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
4 PG Trainee in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
5 PG Trainee in Pediatric Medicine, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
6 Medical Officer, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
 

Objective: To observe association of factors such as nutritional factors, physical activities and systemic factors with overweight and obesity among 25 to 60 years old women. Study Design: A quantitative household survey. Place and Duration: The survey was carried out in all ten towns of Lahore, Pakistan from 4th January 2016 to 4th May 2016. Methodology: The research investigated 3239 women (25 to 60 years of age) through multistage sampling technique; from which two neighboring localities were randomly selected; found 1106 women were overweight and 449 were obese whereas, 1684 females were normal weights who were excluded from the research study. Results: Factors were found significantly associated with overweight and obesity. Among nutritional factors such as fast food and snacks have p-value 0.000, whereas, daily food intakes have p-value 0.001. Physical activities such as housework activities have p-value 0.000; whereas, both regular exercise and time spent on TV/Computer per day have p-values 0.001. Systemic factors such as systemic diseases have p-value 0.001 whereas family history of overweight and obesity and women using medications both have p-value 0.000. Conclusion: The study concluded that overweight and obesity was positively associated with nutritional factors, physical activities and factors such as genetics, use of medications and systemic diseases among women 25-60 years.

Keywords

Household Survey, Nutritional Factors, Obesity, Overweight, Physical Activities, Systemic Factors.
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  • Overweight and Obesity among 25–60 Years Women in Lahore, Pakistan

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Authors

Rukiya Tariq
Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Ahmed Tariq
House Officer, Sharif Medical and Dental College, Lahore, Pakistan
Kalsoom Tariq
Fatima Memorial Hospital College of Medicine and Dentistry, Lahore, Public Health, Department of Public Health, University of the Punjab, Lahore, Pakistan
Ayesha Shahid
PG Trainee in Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Sheikh Zayed Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
Maryam Shahid
PG Trainee in Pediatric Medicine, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan
Abdullah Hussain
Medical Officer, Mayo Hospital, Lahore, Pakistan

Abstract


Objective: To observe association of factors such as nutritional factors, physical activities and systemic factors with overweight and obesity among 25 to 60 years old women. Study Design: A quantitative household survey. Place and Duration: The survey was carried out in all ten towns of Lahore, Pakistan from 4th January 2016 to 4th May 2016. Methodology: The research investigated 3239 women (25 to 60 years of age) through multistage sampling technique; from which two neighboring localities were randomly selected; found 1106 women were overweight and 449 were obese whereas, 1684 females were normal weights who were excluded from the research study. Results: Factors were found significantly associated with overweight and obesity. Among nutritional factors such as fast food and snacks have p-value 0.000, whereas, daily food intakes have p-value 0.001. Physical activities such as housework activities have p-value 0.000; whereas, both regular exercise and time spent on TV/Computer per day have p-values 0.001. Systemic factors such as systemic diseases have p-value 0.001 whereas family history of overweight and obesity and women using medications both have p-value 0.000. Conclusion: The study concluded that overweight and obesity was positively associated with nutritional factors, physical activities and factors such as genetics, use of medications and systemic diseases among women 25-60 years.

Keywords


Household Survey, Nutritional Factors, Obesity, Overweight, Physical Activities, Systemic Factors.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/jeoh%2F2020%2F23392