Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Modern Conceptions about the Structure and Development of the Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle of Continents


Affiliations
1 Institute of Physics of the Earth, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, Russian Federation
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Based on the latest studies, the paper deals with the modern conceptions about the structure and development of the Earth's crust and Upper mantle of Continents, and the observations and arguments in support of these concepts are detailed under the following headings: (I) Composition of the Earth's crust (2) Thickness of the Earth's crust (3) Composition of the Upper mantie (4) Processes in the Upper mantie, and (5) Influence of the Upper mantle on the crust.

The following are some of the important conclusions arrived at: (I) The so-called "basaltic layer" of the crust is actually a layer of degranitised metamorphic rocks of the granulitic facies (2) The thickness of the crust in geological history can change many times and such changes are in accordance with the changes of direction of the vertical crustal movements (3) The vertical tectonic movements are caused by processes not only in the crust, but in the mantle as well, and that the Upper mantie, undoubtedly, has horizontal inhomogeneities associated with the structure and movements of the crust (4) The most important peculiarity of Zone B of the Upper mantle is the presence of a waveguide in it, i.e. of a layer with reduced seismic velocities (5) An essential difference is marked in the relationship between the mantle and the crust in geosynclines, on the one hand, and on platforms, on the other.


Subscription Login to verify subscription
User
Notifications
Font Size

Abstract Views: 214

PDF Views: 2




  • Modern Conceptions about the Structure and Development of the Earth's Crust and Upper Mantle of Continents

Abstract Views: 214  |  PDF Views: 2

Authors

V. V. Beloussov
Institute of Physics of the Earth, Academy of Sciences of USSR, Moscow, Russian Federation

Abstract


Based on the latest studies, the paper deals with the modern conceptions about the structure and development of the Earth's crust and Upper mantle of Continents, and the observations and arguments in support of these concepts are detailed under the following headings: (I) Composition of the Earth's crust (2) Thickness of the Earth's crust (3) Composition of the Upper mantie (4) Processes in the Upper mantie, and (5) Influence of the Upper mantle on the crust.

The following are some of the important conclusions arrived at: (I) The so-called "basaltic layer" of the crust is actually a layer of degranitised metamorphic rocks of the granulitic facies (2) The thickness of the crust in geological history can change many times and such changes are in accordance with the changes of direction of the vertical crustal movements (3) The vertical tectonic movements are caused by processes not only in the crust, but in the mantle as well, and that the Upper mantie, undoubtedly, has horizontal inhomogeneities associated with the structure and movements of the crust (4) The most important peculiarity of Zone B of the Upper mantle is the presence of a waveguide in it, i.e. of a layer with reduced seismic velocities (5) An essential difference is marked in the relationship between the mantle and the crust in geosynclines, on the one hand, and on platforms, on the other.