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Antimicrobial and Computational Assessment of Christella dentata Crude Extracts Against Multidrug Resistant Bacterial Cultures and Targets


Affiliations
1 Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
2 Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
     

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There has been an abrupt increase in the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria and related infections throughout the globe. There is a dire need to explore novel botanicals with the purpose of identifying potential antibacterial compounds effective against such drug resistant bacteria. This study focuses on the screening of crude ethanolic extracts of an edible fern, Christella dentata. The biochemical tests and antibacterial efficacy assay against cultures of E. coli, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Bacillus and Lactobacillus indicate the potency of the crude extracts. The study was further extended by text and literature-based identification of active principles from the plant under study. The identified compounds were then tested for their druggabilities and docked against reported targets of multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. Results indicate that some of these active compounds can be explored as potential leads for inhibiting the protein targets and preventing the spread of these MDR strains.


Keywords

Ferns, Hospital effluent, Multidrug Resistance, Phytochemicals, Molecular docking, Computational Study.
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  • Antimicrobial and Computational Assessment of Christella dentata Crude Extracts Against Multidrug Resistant Bacterial Cultures and Targets

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Authors

Meesha Singh
Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
Sayak Ganguli
Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
Sayak Ganguli
Department of Biotechnology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
Mahashweta Mitra Ghosh
Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India
Mahashweta Mitra Ghosh
Department of Microbiology, St. Xavier’s College, Kolkata-700016, India

Abstract


There has been an abrupt increase in the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria and related infections throughout the globe. There is a dire need to explore novel botanicals with the purpose of identifying potential antibacterial compounds effective against such drug resistant bacteria. This study focuses on the screening of crude ethanolic extracts of an edible fern, Christella dentata. The biochemical tests and antibacterial efficacy assay against cultures of E. coli, Salmonella, Pseudomonas, Bacillus and Lactobacillus indicate the potency of the crude extracts. The study was further extended by text and literature-based identification of active principles from the plant under study. The identified compounds were then tested for their druggabilities and docked against reported targets of multidrug resistant (MDR) strains of E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Staphylococcus aureus. Results indicate that some of these active compounds can be explored as potential leads for inhibiting the protein targets and preventing the spread of these MDR strains.


Keywords


Ferns, Hospital effluent, Multidrug Resistance, Phytochemicals, Molecular docking, Computational Study.

References