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Woman and Marriage: A Study of Shashi Deshpande's Roots and Shadows
Roots and Shadows, published in 1983, is one of Shashi Deshpande's early novels. As a writer, Shashi Deshpande got recognition after the publication of her later novel, That Long Silence. The present novel, Roots and Shadows, is a path-breaking novel, articulating the experiences of woman in marriage. It has aroused a variety of criticism. But most of the critics confine their critical perspective only to the expression of protest against the patriarchal social system. Smt. Parvati Bhatnagar tends to analyse the present novel in the light of the protest by the female characters against the restrictions imposed upon them. She says: "The novel deals with a woman's attempt to assert her individuality and realise her freedom. It depicts how it brings her into confrontation with the family, with the male world and the society in general.
- Parvati Bhatnagar, Indian Womanhood: Fight for Freedom in Shashi Deshpande‘s Roots and Shadows, Indian Women Novelists in English ,ed. Birendra Pandey (New Delhi: Sarup and Sons, 2001), p.132.
- Anita Singh, Indian English Novel in the Nineties and After: A Study of the Text and its Context (Delhi: Adhyayan Publishers and Distributors, 2004), pp.113-114.
- K.V. Raghupati, Self-assertion of Woman: Shashi Deshpande‘s Roots and Shadows, The Indian Novel with a Social Purpose, ed. K.Venkata Reddy and P.Bayapa Reddy (New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 1999), pp.125-126.
- S.P.Swain, Roots and Shadows A Feminist Study, Feminist English Literature, ed. Manmohan K. Bhatnagar (New Delhi: Atlantic Publishers and Distributors, 2002), p.59.
- Shashi Deshpande, Roots and Shadows (1983; rpt. New Delhi: Orient Longman limited, 1993), p.70. All the subsequent textual references are from this edition and page numbers, in all such cases, have been given in parentheses following the quotations.
- Ann Foreman, qt. in S.P. Swain, Roots and Shadows: A Feminist Study, Feminist English Literature, p.54.
- Sarah Grimke, qt. in S.P. Swain, Roots and Shadows – A Feminist Study, Feminist English Literature, p. 4.
- Shashi Deshpande, The Dark Holds No Terrors (1980; rpt. New Delhi: Penguin Books, 1990), p.137.
- M. Mani Meitei, Subverting Phallogocentrism: Feminine Discourse in Roots and Shadows, The Fiction of Shashi Deshpande, ed. R.S. Pathak (New Delhi : Creative Books, 1998), p.84.
- Simone de Beauvoir, The Second Sex, trans. and ed. H.M. Parshley (1949; rpt. U.K: Vintage Classics, 1997), p.500.
- P.Bhatnagar, qt. in S. Prasanna Sree, Woman in the Novels of Shashi Deshpande: A Study (New Delhi: Sarup and Sons, 2003), p.36.
- Sarabjit Sandhu, qt. in S. Prasanna Sree, Woman in the Novels of Shashi Deshpande: A Study, p.44.
- Bhatanger, qt in S. P. Swain, Roots and Shadows – A Feminist Study, Feminist English Literature, p.95.
- Shashi Deshpande, The Writing of a Novel, Indian Women Novelists, ed. R.K. Dhawan (New Delhi: Prestige Books, 1991), p.35.
- Henrik Ibsen, qt. in S. Prasanna Sree, Woman in the Novels of Shashi Deshpande: A Study, p.26.
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