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Species Diversity and Population Dynamics of Fruit Flies in Bitter Gourd Ecosystem
Studies related to species diversity and seasonal incidence of fruit flies in drumstick ecosystems were conducted at University of Horticultural Sciences (UHS), Udyanagiri, Bagalkot, India during Rabi 2015-16 and Kharif 2016. During Rabi 2015 Shannon Wiener index (H’) of diversity of the fruit fly population was maximum (H’=0.64) during 6th SMW of (February) 2016. The Pielou’s evenness (J’) value was maximum during 6th SMW of (February) 2016 and 52nd SMW of (December) 2015 (0.92 and 0.79, respectively). The maximum Simpson diversity index value (0.66) was recorded during 6th SMW of (February) 2016. During 2016 maximum H value (H’=0.61) was recorded during 38th followed by 36th SMW of (September) 2016 (0.79). The Pielou’s evenness (J’) ranged from 0.33 to 0.88. Maximum (J’) value was recorded during 38th SMW of (September) 2016 (0.88) and 36th SMW of (September) 2016 (0.79).
Bitter Gourd, Species Diversity, Population Dynamics, Bactrocera cucurbitae, Bactrocera Spp.
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