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Nutritional Status and its Effect on Prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus among Rural Population
Diabetes mellitus is characterized by hyperglycemia and disturbance of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism that are associated with absolute or relative deficiency in insulin action and/or insulin secretion. Diabetes mellitus has become a major public health problem across the world and associated with enormous personal, social and economic burden. The worldwide prevalence of diabetes, for all age groups, was estimated to be 2.8 per cent in 2000 and is predicted to be 4.4 per cent in 2030. The International Diabetes Federation estimates that currently 285 million people around the world have diabetes mellitus which is expected to rise to 438 million within 20 years. Each year a further seven million people will develop diabetes mellitus.
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