Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Subscription Access
Open Access Open Access Open Access  Restricted Access Restricted Access Subscription Access

Comparison of Serum Zinc Status with Severity of Protein Energy Malnutrition among Children under Five Years


Affiliations
1 Department of Biochemistry, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
     

   Subscribe/Renew Journal


Zinc is second to iron as the most abundant trace element of the body and it is an important trace element in human beings, particularly among growing children. Zinc deficiency is among the 10 most important factors that lead to increased morbidity and mortality in developing countries. WHO annual report of 2002, underlined that insufficient intake of zinc leads to zinc deficiency and gave directions for introducing zinc additions into daily nutrition. One of the earliest studies showed that zinc supplementation increased weight gain in children recovering from severe malnutrition four to twelve weeks after hospital admission.
User
Notifications

  • CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, David R. Lide, 89th edition, 11-70.
  • Teitz Text Book of Clinical Chemistry and Molecular Diagnostics, 4th edition, 1137. 3. Trak. J. Sci., 2006, 4, 11-17.
  • Vasudevan, A., Shendurnikar, N. and Kotecha, P.V. Zinc supplementation in severe malnutrition. Ind. Paediat., 1997, 34, 236-238.
  • Golden, M.H.N. Effect of zinc supplementation on dietary intake, rate of weight gain and energy costs of tissues in children recovering from severe malnutrition Am. J. Clin. Nutr.,1981, 34, 900.
  • Castillo-Duran, C., Vial, P. and Uauy, R. Trace mineral balance during acute diarrhoea in infants. J. Pediat., 1988, 113, 452-457.v 7. Golden, B.E. and Golden, M.H. Plasma zinc, rate of weight gain and the energy cost of tissue deposition in children recovering from severe malnutrition on a cow’s milk or soya protein based diet. Am. J. Clin. Nutr. 1981, 34, 892-899.
  • Sur Gupta, D.N., Ghosh, S., Manna, B. and Rajendran, K. Impact of zinc supplementation on diarrhoeal morbidity and growth pattern of low birth weight infant in Kolkata, India. A randomized control trial.Paediat., 2003,12,1327-1332.
  • Tetsuo Makino, Clin. Chem. Acta .,1991, 197, 209-220.
  • Akita Abe and Yamashita, S. Clin. Chem., 35, 552-554.
  • Chakraborty, S. et al. A study of protein energy malnutrition (PEM) in children (0-6 years) in a rural population of Jhansi (U.P). Ind. J. Comm. Med., 2006, 31, 103.
  • Ugwuja, E.I., Nwosu, K.O., Ugwu, N.C. and Okonji, M. Serum zinc and copper levels in malnourished pre-school-age children in Jos, North Central Nigeria. Pak. J. Nutr., 2007, 6, 349-354.
  • Elizabeth, P., Sreedevi, S. and Noel Narayanan. Outcome of nutritional rehabilitation with and without zinc supplementation. K.E. Ind. Pediat., 2000, 37, 647-650.
  • Antimo, T., Jhonson, A. and Tindimebwa, G. Plasma zinc status of protein energy malnourished children in Nigeria. J. Am. Med. Assoc., 1982 ,106,192-198.
  • Singla, P.N. et al. Ind. J. Paediat., 1996, 63,199-203.
  • Laditan et al. The protein-energy malnourished child in a Nigerian teaching hospital J. Trop. Pediatr., 1983, 29, 61-64.

Abstract Views: 94

PDF Views: 0




  • Comparison of Serum Zinc Status with Severity of Protein Energy Malnutrition among Children under Five Years

Abstract Views: 94  |  PDF Views: 0

Authors

Happy Chutia
Department of Biochemistry, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India
Rita Changkakati
Department of Biochemistry, Assam Medical College and Hospital, Dibrugarh, Assam, India

Abstract


Zinc is second to iron as the most abundant trace element of the body and it is an important trace element in human beings, particularly among growing children. Zinc deficiency is among the 10 most important factors that lead to increased morbidity and mortality in developing countries. WHO annual report of 2002, underlined that insufficient intake of zinc leads to zinc deficiency and gave directions for introducing zinc additions into daily nutrition. One of the earliest studies showed that zinc supplementation increased weight gain in children recovering from severe malnutrition four to twelve weeks after hospital admission.

References