Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Promotion of Back Yard Poultry for Augmenting Egg Consumption in Rural Households
There is high prevalence of protein calorie malnutrition and micronutrient deficiencies in India, particularly in growing children and women. This is understandable since cereal-based Indian diets are qualitatively deficient in micronutrients due to low intake of vegetables, fruits, pulses and foods of livestock origin. Apart from micronutrients, livestock-based foods are good source of high quality protein. Amongst foods of livestock origin, poultry egg is most promising in terms of cost benefit ratio. While the consumption of animal meat in India has declined between 1985 and 2003 that of poultry meat and eggs has increased. This is possible due to tremendous increase in commercial poultry farms. Price of poultry has shown little rise from 1996-2006 due to increased competition, and organised marketing of poultry products simultaneous with remarkable improvements in genetics, nutrition, disease management and housing of birds.
- National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau. Diet and nutrition status of population and prevalence of hypertension among adults in rural areas. Technical Report No. 24, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, India, Indian Council of Medical Research, 2006.
- National Nutrition Monitoring Bureau. Prevalence of micronutrient deficiencies. Technical report No. 22, National Institute of Nutrition, Hyderabad, Indian Council of Medical Research, 2003. 3. UNICEF, The State of the World’s Children Special Edition: Celebrating 20 Years of the Convention on the Rights of the Child. 2009.
- Pica-Ciamarra, U. and Otte, J. Poultry food security and poverty in India. : Looking beyond the farm gate. Pro-Poor Livestock Policy Initiative. A living from livestock. RR Nr.09-02 February 2009. WWW.fAO.org./ag/pplpi.html
- Government of India. Basic animal husbandry statistics. Ministry of agriculture, Government of India, New Delhi, 2006.
- Viroji Rao, S.T. and Chinni Pretam. Breeding strategies for improved birds in backyard poultry. Lead paper presented at National Workshop on ‘Synthasising experiences in promotion of backyard poultry’ July 9,10, 2009, Hyderabad, India.
- Talkukdar, A., Haselow, N.J., Osel, A.K., Villate, E., Reario, D., Kroeun, H., SokHoing, L., Uddin, A., Dhunge, S. and Quinn, V. Homestead food production model contributes to improved household food security and nutrition status of young children and women in poor populations. Field Actions Science Reports (online), Special issue 1-Urban Agriculture, Online since 17 fevrier 2010, Connection on 13 juin 2010. URL : http//factsreports.revues.org/index404.html.
- Bamji, M.S., Murty, P.V.V.S., Rao, M.V.V. and Satyanarayana, G. Diversification from agriculture to nutritionally and environmentally promotive horticulture in a dry land area. Sight and Life, 2011, 25, 38-42.
- Raha, C. and Marse, R. Towards good livestock policies: Back yard poultry farming through selfhelp groups in west Bengal. Good Practice Note, Delhi, India. SA PPLPP (2009) Code: SAGP 11.
Abstract Views: 50
PDF Views: 0