A Comparative Study to Assess Knowledge, Attitude and Practices among Cases of Recently Diagnosed Diabetes and Known Cases of Diabetes
A good knowledge of disease management is necessary in promoting health. Diabetes Mellitus is a major health problem with individual, social and economical consequences. Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) surveys are effective in providing a baseline for evaluating intervention programs. This is a comparative study to assess KAP among case of recently diagnosed diabetes and known case of diabetes. A cross-sectional survey comprising of 112 patients (56-recently diagnosed and 56-known cases) was conducted in Sri Ramachandra Hospital and volunteers from the community for a period of three months. A structured closed ended questionnaire for KAP on DM with demographic information was formulated. A pilot study was conducted to compute the scoring of adequate >75, moderately adequate 50-75, inadequate <50. The collected data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. The mean age was 49.2±8.4 years and BMI 25.41±4.82 kg/m².Mean score of knowledge in known cases, 12±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (10±3). Mean score of attitude in known cases, 13±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (11±4). Mean score of attitude in known cases, 10±2, was comparatively higher than recently diagnosed diabetes (9±3). Significance was shown between both knowledge and socio- demographic data in the known cases and attitude practice with socio-demographic data in recently diagnosed diabetes. When KAP was compared between the two groups, known cases had a higher score. They had good knowledge and attitude but poor practices related to diabetes than recently diagnosed subjects.
- Diabetes mellitus: Health and wealth threat, Int. J. Diabet. Mellitus, 2009, 1, 42-42.
- Herath, H.M.M., Weerasinghe, N.P., Dias, H. and Weerarathna,T.P. Knowledge, attitude and practice related to diabetes mellitus among the general public in Galle district in Southern Sri Lanka: A pilot study. BMC Public Health, 2017, 17, 535.
- Nithesh Kumar, K., Sushma Katkuri, I. and Ramyacharitha. A study to assess prevalence of diabetes mellitus and its associated risk factors among adult residents of rural Khammam. Int. J. Commun. Med. Public Health, 2018, 5, 4.
- Kaveeshwar, S.A. and Cornwall, J. The current status of diabetes mellitus in India. Australia Med. J., 2014, 7, 45–48.
- Federation IDF Diabetes Atlas sixth. International Diabetes Federation, 2013, 7-11.
Abstract Views: 10
PDF Views: 0