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Intermittent Fasting:More than Just a Dieting Trend


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1 Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
     

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Intermittent Fasting (IF) is a term used for eating patterns that cycle between a period of fasting and non-fasting over a defined period of time. It has attracted considerable scientific and popular attention; as it is claimed to have profound beneficial effects on various indices of health. The purpose of this review is to peer into available articles about effects of IF on health and various diseases. Studies of IF on human subjects have demonstrated efficacy for weight loss and various conditions such as addressing high fasting blood glucose and insulin resistance in diabetes, suppressing inflammatory response, addressing lipid profile through lowering total cholesterol and triglycerides and enhancing cardiovascular status through adjusting lipid profile. Moreover, It seems to demonstrate better compliance reported by patients. Although IF has shown promise for counteracting the disease process or alleviating it, large sample and detailed clinical trials are required to discover exact mechanisms and draw firm conclusion.


Keywords

Intermittent Fasting, Diabetes, Obesity, Lipid Profile, Disease, Inflammation.
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  • Intermittent Fasting:More than Just a Dieting Trend

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Authors

Melika Metanati
Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of
Sara Sarrafi zadeh
Department of Nutrition, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran, Islamic Republic of

Abstract


Intermittent Fasting (IF) is a term used for eating patterns that cycle between a period of fasting and non-fasting over a defined period of time. It has attracted considerable scientific and popular attention; as it is claimed to have profound beneficial effects on various indices of health. The purpose of this review is to peer into available articles about effects of IF on health and various diseases. Studies of IF on human subjects have demonstrated efficacy for weight loss and various conditions such as addressing high fasting blood glucose and insulin resistance in diabetes, suppressing inflammatory response, addressing lipid profile through lowering total cholesterol and triglycerides and enhancing cardiovascular status through adjusting lipid profile. Moreover, It seems to demonstrate better compliance reported by patients. Although IF has shown promise for counteracting the disease process or alleviating it, large sample and detailed clinical trials are required to discover exact mechanisms and draw firm conclusion.


Keywords


Intermittent Fasting, Diabetes, Obesity, Lipid Profile, Disease, Inflammation.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.21048/ijnd.2019.56.3.23304