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Drying Characteristics of Bael Pulp Using Different Drying Methods and Different Varieties


Affiliations
1 Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
2 Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
     

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Drying is an essential process in the preservation of agricultural products. Various drying methods are employed to dry different agricultural products. Each method has its own advantages and limitations. Choosing the right drying system is thus important in the process of drying agricultural products. An experimental study was performed to determine the drying characteristics of bael pulp subjected to drying in open sun, hot air oven at 60°C and 70°C and cabinet tray dryer at 60°C and 70°C with different varieties Pant Aparna (V1), Pant Shivani (V2) and Pant Urvashi (V3). The entire drying process took place in the falling rate period. Drying curves were constructed using non-dimensional moisture ratio (MR) and time. Drying is the most widely used and a primary method for preservation. According to the experimental result this study revealed that the V1 (Variety Pant Aparna) sample required lower drying time than the other Varieties sample. The drying time decrease with increase of drying air temperature. It was observed that drying process took place in falling rate period. The result indicated that the cabinet tray dryer at 70°C was found better drying characteristics compare to other drying temperatures and methods.

Keywords

Bael Pulp, Sun Drying, Tray Drying, Hot Air Oven Drying, Moisture Content, Moisture Ratio, Drying Rate
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  • Drying Characteristics of Bael Pulp Using Different Drying Methods and Different Varieties

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Authors

Vipul Chaudhary
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
Vivak Kumar
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
B.R. Singh
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
Jaivir Singh
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
Neelash Chauhan
Department of Agricultural Engineering, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India
Pushpendra Kumar
Department of Agricultural Biotechnology, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel University of Agriculture and Technology, Meerut (U.P.), India

Abstract


Drying is an essential process in the preservation of agricultural products. Various drying methods are employed to dry different agricultural products. Each method has its own advantages and limitations. Choosing the right drying system is thus important in the process of drying agricultural products. An experimental study was performed to determine the drying characteristics of bael pulp subjected to drying in open sun, hot air oven at 60°C and 70°C and cabinet tray dryer at 60°C and 70°C with different varieties Pant Aparna (V1), Pant Shivani (V2) and Pant Urvashi (V3). The entire drying process took place in the falling rate period. Drying curves were constructed using non-dimensional moisture ratio (MR) and time. Drying is the most widely used and a primary method for preservation. According to the experimental result this study revealed that the V1 (Variety Pant Aparna) sample required lower drying time than the other Varieties sample. The drying time decrease with increase of drying air temperature. It was observed that drying process took place in falling rate period. The result indicated that the cabinet tray dryer at 70°C was found better drying characteristics compare to other drying temperatures and methods.

Keywords


Bael Pulp, Sun Drying, Tray Drying, Hot Air Oven Drying, Moisture Content, Moisture Ratio, Drying Rate

References