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Development of a Nonlinear κ-ε Model Incorporating Strain and Rotation Parameters for Prediction of Complex Turbulent Flows
The standard Κ-ε model has the deficiency of predicting swirling and vortical flows due to its isotropic assumption of eddy viscosity. In this study, a second-order nonlinear Κ-ε model is developed incorporating some new functions for the model coefficients to explore the models applicability to complex turbulent flows. Considering the realizability principle, the coefficient of eddy viscosity (Cμ) is derived as a function of strain and rotation parameters. The coefficients of nonlinear quadratic termare estimated considering the anisotropy of turbulence in a simple shear layer.Analytical solutions for the fundamental properties of swirl jet are derived based on the nonlinear Κ-ε model, and the values of model constants are determined by tuning their values for the best-fitted comparison with the experiments. The model performance is examined for two test cases: (i) for an ideal vortex (Stuart vortex), the basic equations are solved numerically to predict the turbulent structures at the vortex center and the (ii) unsteady 3D simulation is carried out to calculate the flow field of a compound channel. It is observed that the proposed nonlinear Κ-ε model can successfully predict the turbulent structures at vortex center, while the standard Κ-ε model fails.Themodel is found to be capable of accounting the effect of transverse momentum transfer in the compound channel through generating the horizontal vortices at the interface.
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