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Osteoporosis in Orthopaedics:Review of Literature and Clinical Approach


Affiliations
1 Consulting Orthopaedic and Joint Reconstruction Surgeon, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, India
2 Registrar, Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, India
     

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Osteoporosis affects 8 to 62 percent of women in India, with osteoporotic fractures leading to preventable morbidity and often mortality. Osteoporosis does not have any clinical symptoms and may often present with fracture as the first symptom. Our aim to review the literature and describe a clinical approach in osteoporosis was to help the practitioner and orthopaedic surgeon suspect, diagnose, treat, prevent, monitor, and lead a patient through uneventful surgery. Early diagnosis and effective treatment of osteoporosis can lead to decreased morbidity, mortality, and financial burden on the elderly and also improve their quality of life.

Keywords

Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Teriparatide, Bisphosphonates, Denosumab, Osteoporotic Fractures, T Score, Monitoring of Treatment, Bone Turnover Markers, Bone Density, DXA, BMD, FRAX Score.
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  • Osteoporosis in Orthopaedics:Review of Literature and Clinical Approach

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Authors

Pranav Agrawal
Consulting Orthopaedic and Joint Reconstruction Surgeon, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, India
Gaurav Agrawal
Registrar, Dept of Orthopaedic Surgery, Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre, India

Abstract


Osteoporosis affects 8 to 62 percent of women in India, with osteoporotic fractures leading to preventable morbidity and often mortality. Osteoporosis does not have any clinical symptoms and may often present with fracture as the first symptom. Our aim to review the literature and describe a clinical approach in osteoporosis was to help the practitioner and orthopaedic surgeon suspect, diagnose, treat, prevent, monitor, and lead a patient through uneventful surgery. Early diagnosis and effective treatment of osteoporosis can lead to decreased morbidity, mortality, and financial burden on the elderly and also improve their quality of life.

Keywords


Osteoporosis, Osteopenia, Teriparatide, Bisphosphonates, Denosumab, Osteoporotic Fractures, T Score, Monitoring of Treatment, Bone Turnover Markers, Bone Density, DXA, BMD, FRAX Score.

References