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Study of Menstrual Pattern and Practices of Menstrual Hygiene Among Adolescent Girls and Young Women Residing in Rural Area of Rewa District, Madhya Pradesh.
Aims & Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the patterns of menstruation and awareness about menstrual hygiene and other aspects of menstruationin rural areas. Material and Methods: In this cross-sectional study, total 171 participants were enrolled; the desired information was collected by personal interview through a self designed questionnaire. Statistically data was analyzed using Microsoft Office Excel and expressed in form of numbers and percentages. Results: Age of menarche in majority of participants 79 (46.19%) between 12-13 years; menstrual cycles were irregular in 42 (24.56%) subjects. 117 (68.42%) females reported 3-5 days blood flow during menstruation, 24 (14.03%) less than 3 days and 30 (17.54%) had ≥ 5 days of menstruation. 12 (7.01%) girls reported scanty blood loss, 135 (78.94%) medium blood flow and 24 (14.03%) heavy blood flow, length of cycle was shorter than <21 days in 36 (21.05%), between 21-35 days in 123 (71.93%) and longer than 35 days in 12 (7.01%). PMS were present in 113 (66.08%) and dysmenorrheain 102 (59.64%) females. 18 (10.52%) had poor personal hygiene; 36 (21.05%) participants used sanitary pads,104 (60.81%) had history of social withdrawal during menstruation.100% participants were restricted to inter in the temple and prayers the god, 99 (57.89%) avoided to touch the pickles. Conclusions: A significant number of participants had irregular menstrual cycles, abnormal duration of blood flow and abnormal amount of blood loss during menstruation. PMS and dysmenorrheal were most common menstrual disorder.They need improvements in terms of knowledge and awareness about menstrual hygiene and other aspects of menstruation.
Menstrual patterns, Menstrual Hygiene, Premenstrual symptoms (PMS), Dysmenorrhea
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