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Prevalence of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in a Rural Population of Eastern Uttar Pradesh
Introduction: Over past few decade morbidities and mortalities associated with NCDs (Non-Communicable Diseases) leads to a significant loss of productive life years both in developed and developing countries. Therefore, the present study was done to determine the prevalence of common risk factors for major NCDs in a rural population of Barabanki district in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in Satrikh block of Barabanki district. Multistage sampling was used for enrolment of the study subjects. A totalof 1824 participants aged ≥25 years were enrolled in the study. WHO STEPs- wise tool was used to collect information on behavioural risk factors like tobacco use, diet, alcohol useand associated anthropometric indices were measured. Results: Prevalence of tobacco smoking, smokeless tobacco products use, alcohol consumption, less than five servings of fruits/vegetables, more than five grams of salt intake and overweight/obesity was found to be 26.2%, 27.08%, 24.1%, 91.61%, 10.9% and 34.86% respectively. Individuals with age more than 35 years, male subjects, illiterates and those who belonged to scheduled castes/tribes were significantly (p<0.05) more predisposed to both smoked tobacco as well as smokeless tobacco use and alcohol consumption.Consumption of alcohol was significantly (p<0.05) higher among employed groups who belonged to upper and upper middle class while tobacco consumption was more prevalent in lower socioeconomic group. Consumption of salt more than 5 grams per day was significantly higher among individuals in elder age group (35-65 days), among females, those who were literate, those who belonged to other backward castes and among government employees. Conclusion: The study revealed high prevalence of non-communicable disease risk factors among adults. This indicates towards need of prompt community based preventive measures and control strategies to lower the forthcoming consequences of NCDs.
Alcohol, Hypertension, Physical inactivity, Risk Factors.
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