Open Access Subscription Access
Prevalence of Risk Factors of Non-Communicable Diseases in a Rural Population of Eastern Uttar Pradesh
Introduction: Over past few decade morbidities and mortalities associated with NCDs (Non-Communicable Diseases) leads to a significant loss of productive life years both in developed and developing countries. Therefore, the present study was done to determine the prevalence of common risk factors for major NCDs in a rural population of Barabanki district in eastern Uttar Pradesh. Materials and Methods: The present cross-sectional study was conducted in Satrikh block of Barabanki district. Multistage sampling was used for enrolment of the study subjects. A totalof 1824 participants aged ≥25 years were enrolled in the study. WHO STEPs- wise tool was used to collect information on behavioural risk factors like tobacco use, diet, alcohol useand associated anthropometric indices were measured. Results: Prevalence of tobacco smoking, smokeless tobacco products use, alcohol consumption, less than five servings of fruits/vegetables, more than five grams of salt intake and overweight/obesity was found to be 26.2%, 27.08%, 24.1%, 91.61%, 10.9% and 34.86% respectively. Individuals with age more than 35 years, male subjects, illiterates and those who belonged to scheduled castes/tribes were significantly (p<0.05) more predisposed to both smoked tobacco as well as smokeless tobacco use and alcohol consumption.Consumption of alcohol was significantly (p<0.05) higher among employed groups who belonged to upper and upper middle class while tobacco consumption was more prevalent in lower socioeconomic group. Consumption of salt more than 5 grams per day was significantly higher among individuals in elder age group (35-65 days), among females, those who were literate, those who belonged to other backward castes and among government employees. Conclusion: The study revealed high prevalence of non-communicable disease risk factors among adults. This indicates towards need of prompt community based preventive measures and control strategies to lower the forthcoming consequences of NCDs.
Alcohol, Hypertension, Physical inactivity, Risk Factors.
- WHO. Global status report on non-communicable diseases 2014. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2015. Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ ncd-statusreport2014/en/
- Beaglehole R, Yach D. Globalisation and the prevention and control of non-communicable disease: The neglected chronic diseases of adults. Lancet. 2003; 362: 903–8. https://doi.org/10.1016/S01406736(03)14335-8
- Agarwal D, Shukla M, Shukla NK, Shukla R, Sidhu HPK. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases in India: A systematic review. Int J Med Res Prof. 2016; 2(5):6–10. https://doi.org/10.21276/ijmrp.2016.2.5.002
- Mohan V, Deepa R. Risk factors for coronary artery disease in Indians. J Assoc Physicians India. 2004; 52:95–7. PMid:15656040
- Boutayeb A, boutayeb S. The burden of non-communicable diseases in developing countries. Int J Equity Health. 2005; 4:2. https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-9276-4-2 PMid:15651987 PMCid:PMC546417
- Reddy KS. Prevention and control of non-communicable diseases: Status and strategies. New Delhi: Indian Council for Research on International Economic Relations. 2003. p. 30. PMid:12856291
- WHO (World Health Organization). Global health risks: Mortality and burden of disease attributable to selected major risks. Geneva: World Health Organization; 2009.
- Available from: http://www.who.int/healthinfo/global_burden_ disease/GlobalHealthRisks_report_full.pdf
- WHO STEPS Manual. Available from: http://www1.paho.org/hq/dmdocuments/2009/STEPSmanual.pdf
- Lwanga SK, Lemeshow S. Sample size determination in health studies: A practical manual. Geneva (Switzerland): World Health Organization; 1991.PMCid:PMC2393240 10. Sandhu S, Chauhan R, Mazta SR. Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in working population. MAMC J Med Sci. 2015; 1:101–4. https://doi.org/10.4103/2394-7438.157926
- Khairnar MR, Wadgave U, Shimpi PV. Updated BG Prasad socioeconomic classification for 2016. J Indian Assoc Public Health Dent. 2016; 14:469–70. https://doi.org/10.4103/2319-5932.195832
- Agarwal D, Shukla M, Garg A. A cross-sectional study on non-communicable diseases risk factors in a rural population of Barabanki District, Uttar Pradesh. Annals of Community Health. 2017; 5(1):5–9.
- Aroor B, Trivedi A, Jain S. Prevalence of risk factors of non-communicable diseases in a district of Gujarat, India. J Health Popul Nutr. 2013; 31(1):78–85.
- Kumar R. Anthropometric and behavioral risk factor for non-communicable: Diseases: A cluster survey from rural Wardha. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2015; 59(1):234–38. https://doi.org/10.4103/0019-557X.152868 PMid:25758735
- Pandya RB, Sharma SK, Siddiqui SW, Gangwar S. Study of patterns of non-communicable diseases at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Int J Med Res Prof. 2016; 2(1):111–13.
- Jain C, Jayna D, Geeta K. Prevalence of risk factors and its association with non-communicable disease among the faculty members of teaching institute of Ahmadabad City, Gujarat: A cross-sectional study. International Journal of Scientific Study. 2015; 3(8):159–62.
- Krishnan, Shah B, Lal V, Shukla DK, Paul E, Kapoor SK. Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable disease in a rural area of Faridabad District of Haryana. Indian Journal of Public Health. 2008; 52(3):117–24. PMid:19189832
- Misra PJ, Mini GK, Thankappan KR. Risk factor profile for non-communicable diseases among Mishing tribes in Assam, India: Results from a WHO STEPs survey. Indian J Med Res. 2014 Sep; 140(3):370–8. PMid:25366204 PMCid:PMC4248383
- Garg A, Anand T, Sharma U, Jugal K, Chakraborty M, Ray PC. Prevalence of risk factors for chronic non-communicable diseases using WHO steps approach in an adult population in Delhi. Family Med Prim Care. 2014; 3(2):112–8. https:// doi.org/10.4103/2249-4863.137617 PMid:25161966 PMCid: PMC4139989
- Venkatachalam J, Purty AJ, Singh Z, Abraham SB, Narayanan S, Sathya GR, Bhumika N. Prevalence of Non Communicable Diseases (NCDs) in a rural population of South India. International Journal of Contemporary Medicine. 2014; 2(1):32–8. https://doi.org/10.5958/j.2321-1032.2.1.012
- Thankappan KR, Shah B, Mathur P, Sarna PS, Srinivas G, Mini GK, Daivadanam, Soman B, Vasan RS. Risk factor profile for chronic non-communicable diseases: Results of a community-based study in Kerala, India, Indian. Journal of Medical Research. 2009; 53–63.
- Sogarwal R, Bachani D, Kumar B, Gupta S. Risk factors of non-communicable diseases among higher secondary school students in selected districts of India. American Journal of Public Health Research. 2014; 2(1):16–20. https:// doi.org/10.12691/ajphr-2-1-4
- Sandhu S, Chauhan R, Mazta SR. Prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable diseases in working population. MAMC J Med Sci. 2015; 1(2):101–4. https://doi.org/10.4103/2394-7438.157926
- Bukelo MF, Deepthi K, Ramakrishna GB, Bukelo MJ, Kiran PR, Kulkarni V. Risk factor for non-communicable diseases among rural adolescents: A school based cross-sectional study. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research. 2015; 8(2):123–39.
- WHO (World Health Organization). Global status report on non-communicable diseases; 2010. Available from: http://www.who.int/nmh/publications/ncd_report2010/en
- Kumar P, Singh CM, Agarwal N, Pandey S, Ranjan A, Singh GK. prevalence of risk factors for non-communicable disease in a rural area of Patna, Bihar- a who step wise approach. Indian J Prev Soc Med. 2013; 44:1–2.
- IDSP-NCD. National Institute of Medical Statistics, Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR), IDSP NonCommunicable Disease Risk Factors Survey, Phase-I States of India. National Institute of Medical Statistics and Division of Non-Communicable Diseases, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India; 2009. Available from: http://www.who.int/chp/steps/2007_STEPS_Report_ India_7States.pdf?ua=1
- WHO (World Health Organization). Global status report on alcohol and health 2014. Geneva; 2015. Available from: http://www.who.int/gho
Abstract Views: 13
PDF Views: 7