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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Folic Acid Supplementation for Prevention of Spina Bifida among Women in Selected Urban Area of Indore, India


Affiliations
1 Department of OBG Nursing, Bombay Hospital College of Nursing, Indore, (M.P.), India
 

Objectives                                                                                          

  • To assess the pre- test knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  • To administered the planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding folic acid   supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  •  To assess the post test knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  • To find out the association between the pre and post test knowledge score with demographic variables.

Methodology: Pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design, an evaluatory pre-experimental research approach was used to find out the effectiveness of PTP on women knowledge regarding supplementation of folic acid for prevention spina bifida.

An evaluative approach with one group pre-test, post-test design was used for the study. The sample consisting of 100 compensate were chosen by convenient purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted at Urban area Pardesipura & Dhiraj Nager of Indore city. The data was collected prior and after the planned teaching programme by a structured questionnaire.

Results: The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The knowledge gained through planned teaching programme was good as it was evidence with a highly significant difference (t=32.39, P<0.001 two tailed) between the mean post-test (X2=11.33) and pre-test (X1=1.70) knowledge score. There was a significant association between the pre-test knowledge score and all the taken variable like age of women, number of children, education, income, occupation religious nutrition status of women’s.

There was a significant p<0.03 (Significant) association between age of women and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p>0.05 (Insignificant) association between number of children and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.002 (Significant) association between monthly income and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between education qualification of women and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (Insignificant) association between religion and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (in Significant) association between occupation and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05(In Significant) association between nutritional status and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida

The information on existed knowledge among selected samples which had measured with the help of marks scored in pre-test by studied samples before administration of planned teaching programme (PTP) on knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among women in selected urban area of Indore.

The existed knowledge is gauged in pre-test score and it is easily reflected in the table 1.4 that the knowledge among women regarding prevention of spina bifida is at the bottom level as all the selected (4%) women were showed poor knowledge and observed under Poor (0-7) category. and (78%)shows average, (%) showed good score was (14%)and Excellent score (4%).It is therefore mentioned that there was a great requirement of an awareness progrramme on knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among women in selected urban area.

Discussion of effectiveness of planned health teaching programme.

This study shows there is a significant increase in knowledge of women after planned health teaching program. Where the t - value 30.731 (p<0.001, two tailed). In this study hypothesis R H 1 made by the investigator is accepted that there is a significant increase in post test score of women's than the pre- test score of women’s level of knowledge after implementation of planned teaching regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among the women's who participated in study. Discussion of association between pre-tests score and selected demographic variables

The study shows that there is significant association between age of women, number of children, religion of women, monthly income of family, women’s educational qualification, occupation of women, and nutritional status of women.

There was a significant    p<0.02 (Significant) association between age of women and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant    p>0.05 (Insignificant) association between number of children and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between monthly income and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between education qualification of women and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (Insignificant) association between religion and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.02 (Significant) association between occupation and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05(In Significant) association between nutritional status and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida

Thus the hypothesis RH2 made by the investigator that, there would be a significant relationship between pre-test knowledge score and selected demographical variables was accepted with all variables that are age of the women, monthly income, educational qualification.

Interpretation and Conclusion

The Planned Teaching Programme delivered through audio-visual material was found to be an effective strategy for providing information and for improving the knowledge of women. It was well appreciated and accepted by the mothers. The more researches on prevention of spina bifida will find better outcome for community.


Keywords

Spinabifida, Women, Planned Teaching Programme, Knowledge.
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  • A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge Regarding Folic Acid Supplementation for Prevention of Spina Bifida among Women in Selected Urban Area of Indore, India

Abstract Views: 36  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

Gitanjali Pasi
Department of OBG Nursing, Bombay Hospital College of Nursing, Indore, (M.P.), India

Abstract


Objectives                                                                                          

  • To assess the pre- test knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  • To administered the planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding folic acid   supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  •  To assess the post test knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention spina bifida among women.
  • To find out the association between the pre and post test knowledge score with demographic variables.

Methodology: Pre experimental one group pre-test post-test design, an evaluatory pre-experimental research approach was used to find out the effectiveness of PTP on women knowledge regarding supplementation of folic acid for prevention spina bifida.

An evaluative approach with one group pre-test, post-test design was used for the study. The sample consisting of 100 compensate were chosen by convenient purposive sampling technique. The study was conducted at Urban area Pardesipura & Dhiraj Nager of Indore city. The data was collected prior and after the planned teaching programme by a structured questionnaire.

Results: The data was analyzed by descriptive and inferential statistics. The knowledge gained through planned teaching programme was good as it was evidence with a highly significant difference (t=32.39, P<0.001 two tailed) between the mean post-test (X2=11.33) and pre-test (X1=1.70) knowledge score. There was a significant association between the pre-test knowledge score and all the taken variable like age of women, number of children, education, income, occupation religious nutrition status of women’s.

There was a significant p<0.03 (Significant) association between age of women and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p>0.05 (Insignificant) association between number of children and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.002 (Significant) association between monthly income and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between education qualification of women and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (Insignificant) association between religion and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (in Significant) association between occupation and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05(In Significant) association between nutritional status and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida

The information on existed knowledge among selected samples which had measured with the help of marks scored in pre-test by studied samples before administration of planned teaching programme (PTP) on knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among women in selected urban area of Indore.

The existed knowledge is gauged in pre-test score and it is easily reflected in the table 1.4 that the knowledge among women regarding prevention of spina bifida is at the bottom level as all the selected (4%) women were showed poor knowledge and observed under Poor (0-7) category. and (78%)shows average, (%) showed good score was (14%)and Excellent score (4%).It is therefore mentioned that there was a great requirement of an awareness progrramme on knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among women in selected urban area.

Discussion of effectiveness of planned health teaching programme.

This study shows there is a significant increase in knowledge of women after planned health teaching program. Where the t - value 30.731 (p<0.001, two tailed). In this study hypothesis R H 1 made by the investigator is accepted that there is a significant increase in post test score of women's than the pre- test score of women’s level of knowledge after implementation of planned teaching regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida among the women's who participated in study. Discussion of association between pre-tests score and selected demographic variables

The study shows that there is significant association between age of women, number of children, religion of women, monthly income of family, women’s educational qualification, occupation of women, and nutritional status of women.

There was a significant    p<0.02 (Significant) association between age of women and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant    p>0.05 (Insignificant) association between number of children and her knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between monthly income and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.001 (Highly Significant) association between education qualification of women and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05 (Insignificant) association between religion and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.02 (Significant) association between occupation and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida.

There was a significant p<0.05(In Significant) association between nutritional status and knowledge regarding folic acid supplementation for prevention of spina bifida

Thus the hypothesis RH2 made by the investigator that, there would be a significant relationship between pre-test knowledge score and selected demographical variables was accepted with all variables that are age of the women, monthly income, educational qualification.

Interpretation and Conclusion

The Planned Teaching Programme delivered through audio-visual material was found to be an effective strategy for providing information and for improving the knowledge of women. It was well appreciated and accepted by the mothers. The more researches on prevention of spina bifida will find better outcome for community.


Keywords


Spinabifida, Women, Planned Teaching Programme, Knowledge.