To Be Screened or Scream Away:Perceptions of Women towards Cervical Cancer Screening in Gwanda Central District at Bhalula Village in Matabeleland South Province-Zimbabwe
The study is the exploration of the perceptions of women at Bhalula Village, towards cervical cancer screening. The research was a qualitative exploration research design which made use of in-depth semi-structure interviews as data collection instrument. The target population was women at Bhalula Village. The population sample consisted of 20 women who were chosen through convenience sampling. The findings of the research depicts that women are not aware of cervical cancer as well as cervical cancer screening. Women in the study were not are aware of factors responsible for causing cancer in general and cervical cancer in particular. Determinants of women’s perceptions towards cervical cancer screening are usually encompassed in the lack of knowledge on the disease as most women are unaware of the risk factors of cervical cancer. Reasons such as fear, pain, cost and shyness showed that women were not very much aware of cervical cancer. The research concludes that there is inadequate information on cervical cancer as well as a low screening rate among women at Bhalula village. The study recommends that the responsible authorities should play a pivotal role in increasing health care facilities and be able to prioritize cervical cancer prevention by establishing national awareness campaigns, offering free screening services and qualified health practitioners throughout the country.
- i. Abotchie, P. N., & Shoka, N. K. (2009). Cervical Cancer Screening among College Students in Ghana: Knowledge and Health Beliefs. Int. J. Gynecol Cancer.
- ii. Alberta Health Services (2010). Health Promotion and Behavior Change Theory. Calgary, Alberta: Alberta Health Services.
- iii. American Cancer Society (2013). Cervical Cancer: Prevention and Early Detection. American Cancer Society.
- iv. Anorlu, R. I. (2008). Cervical Cancer: The Sub-Saharan African perspective. Reproduction Health Matters. 16 (32); 41-49
- v. Anya, S. E., Oshi, D. C., & Nwosu, S. O. (2005). Knowledge, attitudes and practice of female health professionals regarding cervical cancer and Pap smear. Atlanta, Ga: American Cancer Society.
- vi. Babbie, E. (1990). Survey Research Methods. Belmont, California: Wadsworth Publishing Company.
- vii. Ben-Natan, G. & Adir, O. (2009). Screening for cervical cancer among Israeli lesbian women. International Nursing Review. 56, 433-441
- viii. Boyce, C. (2006). Conducting in-depth interviews: A guide for designing and conducting in-depth interviews for evaluation input Evaluation Associate Palena Neale, PhD, Senior Evaluation Associate. Pathfinder International.
- ix. Butler, K., & Deborah, L. (2006). Handbook of Educational Psychology. New Jersey: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates.
- x. Cancer Association of Zimbabwe (2014). More Women Screen For Cervical Cancer. Weekend Post
- xi. Creswell, J. W. (2006). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing among five traditions. Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications.
- xii. Frey, L. R., Botan, C. H., Gary, L. K. (2000). Investigating Communication: An introduction to research methods. Boston: Allyn and Bacon.
- xiii. Harris, B. L. (2013). Cervical cancer killing 69% of diagnosed women. Bulawayo 24 News
- xiv. Ibekwe, C. M., Hoque, M. E., & Ntuli-Ngcobo, B. (2011). Perceived barriers of cervical cancer screening among women attending Mahalapye District Hospital, Botswana. MED Pub Journals.
- xv. John, J. (2011). The Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice and Perceived Barriers towards Screening for Premalignant Cervical Lesions among Women Aged 18 Years and Above in Songea Urban. Ruvuma: Muhimbili University of Health and Allied Sciences.
- xvi. Kidanto, H. L., Kilewo, C. D., & Moshiro, C. (2002). Cancer of the cervix: Knowledge and attitudes of female patients admitted at Muhimbili National Hospital, Dar es Salaam. East African Medical Journal.
- xvii. Lahey, B. (2004). Psychology an Integrated Approach. New York: McGraw-Hill.
- xviii. Machirori, F. (2012). Cervical Cancer: Zimbabwe’s Silent Epidemic. Harare: HER
- xix. National Cancer Institute (2013). Cervical Cancer Screening. Bethesda, MD: National Cancer Institute.
- xx. Oshimal, S., & Maezawa, L. (2013). Perception of cervical cancer screening among the Japanese University students who have never had a Pap smear: A qualitative study. Hokusei Gakuen University: HGU Press.
- xxi. Saslow, D., Solomin, D., & Lawson, H. W. (2012). Cervical Pathology and Clinical Pathology screening guidelines for the prevention and early detection of cervical cancer. CA: American Cancer Society.
- xxii. Sairaf, M., & Mohamed, F. A. (2009). Knowledge, attitudes, and practice related to cervical cancer screening among Kuwaiti women. Washington DC: National Academy Press.
- xxiii. Sankaranayanan, R., Madhukar-Budukar, A., & Rajkumar, R. (2001). Effective screening programs for cervical cancer in low – and – middle- income developing countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 79 (10).
- xxiv. Tebeu, T. M., Major, A. L., & Rapiti, E. (2008). The attitude and knowledge of cervical cancer by Cameroonian women: A clinical survey conducted in Maroua, the capital of Far North Province of Cameroon. Int. J Gynecol Cancer. 18 (4): 761-765.
- xxv. Wong, L. P., Wong, Y. L., & Low, W. Y. (2009). Knowledge and awareness of cervical cancer and screening among the Malaysian women who have never had a Pap smear. Singapore Medical Journal, 50 (1): 49-53.
- xxvi. WHO (2002). Cervical cancer screening in developing countries: Report of a World Health Organization Consultation.
Abstract Views: 152
PDF Views: 5