Open Access Subscription Access
A Study on the Importance of Thumb Print in Human Identification
Introduction: Human identification by the use of finger prints is infallible, because the ridge arrangement on every finger of every human being is unique and does not alter with growth or age. The present study has been conducted with an aim to determine the most common thumb print pattern in both males and females and whether there is any relation between them. Methods: The study has been conducted in the Department of Anatomy, Gauhati Medical College, Guwahati, amongst a group of 145 1st MBBS students (89 males and 56 females), having different ethnic backgrounds after approval of the Institutional Ethical Committee. Participants were briefed about the purpose of the study and written informed consent was also taken from them. The thumb print of the dominant hand was taken using printer’s blue ink and was transferred on to a white bond A4 paper. The prints thus recorded were studied with a magnifying lens and were classified on the basis of Michael Kucken’s classification system as Loop, Arch, Whorl and Composite pattern. Results: The present study revealed that there is no significant difference between male and female as far as the distribution of the different types of thumb print is concerned. Also, it is seen that the ‘loop’ and ‘whorl’ variety is much higher than the ‘arch’ and ‘composite’ variety of print which is more evident in case of males. Discussion: The finding of our study has the similarity with the observations made by other researchers in this field. Conclusion: Such a study may be useful in establishing a database which may be useful in various medicolegal cases to identify an individual.
Fingerprints, Thumb-Prints, Identification, Dermatoglyphics.
- Bansal N, Sheikh S, Bansal R, Pallagati S. Correlation between lip prints and fingerprints in sex determination and pattern predominance in 5000 subjects. J of Forensic Odonto-Stomatology 2013, December;31(1):8-14.
- Dhall JK, Kapoor AK. Finger print ridge density as a potential forensic anthropological tool for sex identification. J Forensic Sci 2015 Sep;3(1):15-18.
- Abidullah M, Kumar MN, Bhorgonde KD, Reddy DS. Cheiloscopy and dactyloscopy: do they dictate personality patterns? J Forensic Dent Sci 2015 May-Aug;7(2):114-20.
- Hsieh CT, Shyu SR, Hu CS. An effective method of finger print classification combined with AFIS. Embedded and Ubiquitous Computing 2005:1107–22.
- Nithin MD, Balaraj BM, Manjunatha B, and Mestri SC. Study of fingerprint classification and their gender distribution among south indian population. J Forensic Leg Med 2009;16(8):460-3.
- Michael D Frick, Shimon K Modi, Stephen J Elliot, Eric P Kukula. Impact of gender on fingerprint recognition systems. 5th international conference on information technology and application, 2008.
- Srilekha N, Anuradha A, Vijay Srinivas G, Sabitha Devi R. Correlation among lip print pattern, finger print pattern and ABO blood group. J of Clinical and Diagnostic Research 2014 Mar;8(3):49-51.
- Nagasupriya A, Dhanapal R, Reena K, Saraswathi TR, Ramachandran CR. Patterns - “a crime solver”. J Forensic Dent Sci 2011;3(1):3–7.
- Patel S, Paul I, Madhusudan AS, Ramesh G, Sowmya GV. A study of lip prints in relation to gender, family and blood group. IJOMP 2010;1(1):4-7.
- Shailesh Gondivkar, Atul Indurkar, Shirish Degwekar, Rahul Bhowate. Cheiloscopy for sex determination. J of Forensic Dental Sciences 2009;1(2):56-60.
- Pillay VV. Textbook of forensic medicine and toxicology. 15th ed. Hyderabad: Paras Medical Publishers; 2009. p.53-94.
- Kanchan T, Chattopadhyay S. Distribution of fingerprint patterns among medical students. J of Indian Academy of Forensic Medicine 2006;28(2):65-68.
Abstract Views: 59
PDF Views: 0