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MEDIUM ACCESS CONTROL BASED BUSY TONE ROUTING IN MANET
Several MANET designs looked into renewable resource efficient protocols. The amount of energy dissipated by MANET nodes is an important coordinating component. In monitoring applications, power usage is ensured, and battery depletions are reduced to avoid frequent replacement. MANET's primary goal is to relay data by utilising energy-efficient routing techniques and extending the network's lifespan. In this research, we provide an Energy Efficient Protocol on Remaining Energy, a new paradigm for MANET multicasting. Our idea is based on a tone system that integrates solutions across the Medium Access Control (MAC) layer to deliver more efficiency and better performance. To provide increased stability and lower energy consumption, the protocol includes a new construction mechanism for mobile nodes that uses a clustering strategy based on distance and remaining energy. We also propose modifying the conventional multicast flow by introducing unicast links between clusters. In addition, we describe a strategy based on a busy tone system to eliminate excessive control overhead produced by control packets in error recovery in our model. The simulation results are displayed in NS2, and they indicate improvements in reliability, packet delivery ratio, energy usage, and throughput.
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