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Functional Response of Three Species of Predatory Pirate Bugs to Different Densities of Blossom Thrips, Frankliniella schultzei Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)


Affiliations
1 ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Post Bag No. 2491, H.A. Farm Post, Bellary Road, Bengaluru 560 024, India
2 ICAR-Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi, Delhi 110 012, India
 

The functional response of three anthocorid bugs, namely Blaptostethus pallescens Poppius, Cardiastethus affinis Poppius and Montandoniola indica Yamada (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) was assessed by feeding them with different densities of thrips larvae of Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) in the laboratory. Predation rate of all the three species increased with increasing prey densities. Both B. pallescens and C. affinis exhibited type-II response and M. indica exhibited type-III response. Among the predators, M. indica proved to be effective as it showed highest predation rate, higher 1/Th, higher a/Th and lowest handling time followed by B. pallescens. It is evident from the present study that M. indica and B. pallescens could be used in augmentative biological control programmes for thrips.

Keywords

Anthocorid Bugs, Blossom Thrips, Functional Response, Predation Rate.
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  • Functional Response of Three Species of Predatory Pirate Bugs to Different Densities of Blossom Thrips, Frankliniella schultzei Trybom (Thysanoptera: Thripidae)

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Authors

Richa Varshney
ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Post Bag No. 2491, H.A. Farm Post, Bellary Road, Bengaluru 560 024, India
Neeraj Budhlakoti
ICAR-Indian Agricultural Statistics Research Institute, Library Avenue, Pusa, New Delhi, Delhi 110 012, India
Chandish R. Ballal
ICAR-National Bureau of Agricultural Insect Resources, Post Bag No. 2491, H.A. Farm Post, Bellary Road, Bengaluru 560 024, India

Abstract


The functional response of three anthocorid bugs, namely Blaptostethus pallescens Poppius, Cardiastethus affinis Poppius and Montandoniola indica Yamada (Heteroptera: Anthocoridae) was assessed by feeding them with different densities of thrips larvae of Frankliniella schultzei (Trybom) in the laboratory. Predation rate of all the three species increased with increasing prey densities. Both B. pallescens and C. affinis exhibited type-II response and M. indica exhibited type-III response. Among the predators, M. indica proved to be effective as it showed highest predation rate, higher 1/Th, higher a/Th and lowest handling time followed by B. pallescens. It is evident from the present study that M. indica and B. pallescens could be used in augmentative biological control programmes for thrips.

Keywords


Anthocorid Bugs, Blossom Thrips, Functional Response, Predation Rate.

References





DOI: https://doi.org/10.18520/cs%2Fv118%2Fi5%2F827-833