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Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) on Alluvial Soil


Affiliations
1 Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
2 Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
3 IRDM Faculty Centre, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Narendrapur, Kolkata 700 103, India
 

Sunflower, an important oil seed crop, needs a balanced nutrition for its optimum growth and thorough maintenance of soil health. A field experiment was conducted to study the impact of integrated use of organic, inorganic and biofertilizers on soil fertility, soil organic carbon fractions, soil microbiological and biochemical parameters as well as yield of sunflower (cv. GK 2002) in alluvial soil at Agricultural Experimental Farm, University of Calcutta, Baruipur, India, during 2013–14 and 2014–15. There were ten different treatments with three replications. After analysis, the data clearly showed significant difference among treatments in sunflower yield and a prominent impact of integrated use of organic, inorganic and biofertilizers was found under the treatments. Microbial biomass carbon, basal soil respiration, activities of soil enzyme and different carbon fractions showed higher values for those treatments where only organic inputs were given. The best possible combination for higher seed yield was recorded in T10/T6 treatment (vermicompost 2.5 t ha–1 or FYM (5 t ha–1) with phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 8 kg ha–1 soil application + Azotobacter @ 8 kg ha–1 soil application + 50% recommended dose of chemical fertilizers + foliar spray (2% urea)). T10/T6 treatment is thus recommended for sunflower cultivation in alluvial soil considering the soil quality and seed yield of sunflower.

Keywords

Alluvial Soil, Carbon Fractions, Fluorescein Diacetate Hydrolysing Activity, Integrated Nutrient Management, Microbial Biomass, Seed Yield, Sunflower.
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  • Effect of Integrated Nutrient Management in Sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) on Alluvial Soil

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Authors

Aritra Kumar Mukherjee
Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
Sudipta Tripathi
Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
Subhadeep Mukherjee
Department of Agricultural Chemistry and Soil Science, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
R. B. Mallick
Department of Agronomy, Institute of Agricultural Sciences, University of Calcutta, 51/2, Hazra Road, Kolkata 700 019, India
Anannya Banerjee
IRDM Faculty Centre, School of Agriculture and Rural Development, Ramakrishna Mission Vivekananda University, Narendrapur, Kolkata 700 103, India

Abstract


Sunflower, an important oil seed crop, needs a balanced nutrition for its optimum growth and thorough maintenance of soil health. A field experiment was conducted to study the impact of integrated use of organic, inorganic and biofertilizers on soil fertility, soil organic carbon fractions, soil microbiological and biochemical parameters as well as yield of sunflower (cv. GK 2002) in alluvial soil at Agricultural Experimental Farm, University of Calcutta, Baruipur, India, during 2013–14 and 2014–15. There were ten different treatments with three replications. After analysis, the data clearly showed significant difference among treatments in sunflower yield and a prominent impact of integrated use of organic, inorganic and biofertilizers was found under the treatments. Microbial biomass carbon, basal soil respiration, activities of soil enzyme and different carbon fractions showed higher values for those treatments where only organic inputs were given. The best possible combination for higher seed yield was recorded in T10/T6 treatment (vermicompost 2.5 t ha–1 or FYM (5 t ha–1) with phosphate solubilizing bacteria @ 8 kg ha–1 soil application + Azotobacter @ 8 kg ha–1 soil application + 50% recommended dose of chemical fertilizers + foliar spray (2% urea)). T10/T6 treatment is thus recommended for sunflower cultivation in alluvial soil considering the soil quality and seed yield of sunflower.

Keywords


Alluvial Soil, Carbon Fractions, Fluorescein Diacetate Hydrolysing Activity, Integrated Nutrient Management, Microbial Biomass, Seed Yield, Sunflower.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18520/cs%2Fv117%2Fi8%2F1364-1368