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Use of Niv (BiPAP) Versus Facemask in COPD Patients Admitted to Emergency Ward with Type ii Respiratory Failure - A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study


Affiliations
1 JJM Medical College, Davangere, India

COPD is a chronic disease of airway and lung parenchyma which is characterized by deficient airflow through lungs and incorporates chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Acute exacerbations cause Type II respiratory failure which is characterized by hypoxia and hypercarbia. Present study compares the efficacy of ventilation through face mask and BiPAP to treat type II respiratory failure. Exclusion criteria were age more than 90yrs, pH< 6.9, and pO2 less than 30mmHg.Chi square test for qualitative data and Student t test for quantitative data.  P value less than 0.05 is considered statistically significant.

Keywords

BiPAP, COPD, Respiratory Failure, Hypoxia, Hypercarbia.
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  • Brochard, L, Isabey, D, Piquet, J, et al Reversal of acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive lung disease by inspiratory assistance with a face mask. N Engl J Med 1990; 323:1523-1530
  • Plant, PK, Owen, JL, Elliott, MW Early use of non-invasive ventilation for acute exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease on general respiratory wards: a multicentre randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2000;355: 1931-1935.

Abstract Views: 127




  • Use of Niv (BiPAP) Versus Facemask in COPD Patients Admitted to Emergency Ward with Type ii Respiratory Failure - A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

Abstract Views: 127  | 

Authors

Rahul Baby Joseph
JJM Medical College, Davangere, India
Narasimha Gnani
JJM Medical College, Davangere, India
D. B. Prakash
JJM Medical College, Davangere, India

Abstract


COPD is a chronic disease of airway and lung parenchyma which is characterized by deficient airflow through lungs and incorporates chronic bronchitis and emphysema. Acute exacerbations cause Type II respiratory failure which is characterized by hypoxia and hypercarbia. Present study compares the efficacy of ventilation through face mask and BiPAP to treat type II respiratory failure. Exclusion criteria were age more than 90yrs, pH< 6.9, and pO2 less than 30mmHg.Chi square test for qualitative data and Student t test for quantitative data.  P value less than 0.05 is considered statistically significant.

Keywords


BiPAP, COPD, Respiratory Failure, Hypoxia, Hypercarbia.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/isacon-Karnataka%2F2017%2FFP073