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Early and Effective Use of Ketamine for the Treatment of Refractory Phantom Limb Pain
Phantom limb pain, a unique neuropathic pain syndrome develops following amputation in approx. 80% of patients. NMDA receptors are known to play a central role in its development. Ketamine, a potent NMDA antagonist has been successively used.
Ketamine, NMDA Antagonist, Phantom Limb Pain.
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- Eichenberger U, Neff F, Sveticic G, Bjorgo S, Petersen-Felix S, Arendt-Nielsen L, et al. Chronic phantom limb pain: The effects of calcitonin, ketamine, and their combination on pain and sensory thresholds. Anesth Analg 2008;106:1265-73.
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