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Recurrent Fat Embolism Syndrome in a Patient with Long Bone Fracture


Affiliations
1 KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India

Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a multi-organ disorder with potentially serious sequelae that is commonly seen in the orthopaedic patient population after femur fractures. The major clinical features of FES include hypoxia, pulmonary dysfunction, mental status changes, petechiae, tachycardia, fever, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. Multiple theories have been proposed to explain the pathophysiology of FES. But major and minor diagnostic criteria for FES were proposed by Gurd and Wilson, Schonfeld proposed the fat embolism index (FEI) to aid in diagnosing FES and Lindeque stated that FES could be diagnosed with respiratory changes alone.

Keywords

Fat Embolism Syndrome(FES), Mid Shaft Femur Fracture.
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  • Mellor A. Fat embolism. Anaesthesia. 2001;56(2):145–54.
  • Shaikh N. Emergency management of fat embolism syndrome. J Emerg Trauma Shock. 2009;2(1):29–33

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  • Recurrent Fat Embolism Syndrome in a Patient with Long Bone Fracture

Abstract Views: 96  | 

Authors

G. Priyanka
KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India
Anand Bangera
KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India
Avanish Bhandary
KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India
Govind Raj Bhat
KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India
Naresh Rai
KSHEMA, Mangaluru, India

Abstract


Fat embolism syndrome (FES) is a multi-organ disorder with potentially serious sequelae that is commonly seen in the orthopaedic patient population after femur fractures. The major clinical features of FES include hypoxia, pulmonary dysfunction, mental status changes, petechiae, tachycardia, fever, thrombocytopenia, and anemia. Multiple theories have been proposed to explain the pathophysiology of FES. But major and minor diagnostic criteria for FES were proposed by Gurd and Wilson, Schonfeld proposed the fat embolism index (FEI) to aid in diagnosing FES and Lindeque stated that FES could be diagnosed with respiratory changes alone.

Keywords


Fat Embolism Syndrome(FES), Mid Shaft Femur Fracture.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.18311/isacon-Karnataka%2F2017%2FEP079