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Bird Face Deformity Secondary to Bilateral Tempero-Mandibular Joint Ankylosis with Obstructive Sleep Apnoea for Hernia Repair
Tempero-mandibular joint (TMJ) ankylosis is a difficult airway especially when associated with mandibular hypoplasia1. Presence of Obstructive sleep apnoea further complicates such airway2.Changes due to long standing obstructive sleep apnoea were seen.
Obstructive Sleep Apnoea, TMJ Ankylosis, Mandibular Retrognathia.
- Shah F R, Sharma R K, Hilloowalla R N, Karandikar A D. Anaesthetic considerations of temporomandibular joint ankylosiswith obstructive sleep apnoea, J Indian Sot PedoPrev Dent March 2002
- Guruprasad Y, Hemavathy OR. Management of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome secondary to temporomandibularjoint ankylosis by mandibular elongation using distraction osteogenesis. ContempClin Dent 2012;3:69-73
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