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Total Flavonoid Content, the Antioxidant Capacity, Fingerprinting and Quantitative Analysis of Fupenzi (Rubus chingii Hu.)
Objective: In this study, one of the objectives was to investigate the total flavonoid contents of Fupenzi (R. chingii Hu.) obtained from different regions of China and to evaluate their anatioxidant activities. And the second objective of this study was to develop a validated HPLC method for chromatographic fingerprints of the samples extracts of Fupenzi. Method: The total flavonoid contents were determined by a colorimetric method and the antioxidant activity was determined spectrophotometrically by DPPH and ABTS radical scavenging assays. The chromatographic fingerprint was developed by high-performance liquid chromatography coupled with diode array detection for the control of Fupenzi. Results: A significant correlation between antioxidant activity and the total flavonoid content was observed for the DPPH assay (r2 = 0.758, ρ = 0.004) and the ABTS assay (r2 = 0.788, ρ = 0.002). Under the optimized chromatographic conditions, the validated method was successfully applied to assessment of chemical fingerprinting of 12 batches of FPZ collected from different regions of China. Comparisons of the chromatograms showed that 15 characteristic peaks could be selected as markers for identification and evaluation of Fupenzi. In addition, the proposed method was also successfully applied to simultaneous determination of five compounds (including puerarin, rutin, hyperin, quercetin and kaempferol) in these samples. Conclusions: The qualitative and quantitative analysis described in this paper could be used for identification and evaluation of Fupenzi.
Flavonoid, Antioxidant Capacity, Fingerprinting, Quantitative Analysis, Fupenzi (Rubus chingii Hu.)
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