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Composite Indices of Basic Human Needs and Income in India


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1 Madras School of Economics, Behind Government Data Centre, Chennai 600 025, India
     

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This study provides a few composite indices of development, using the State level data for 1981 and 1991. It uses the principal component technique, which provides a straightforward procedure for deriving a single index from a multiplicity of variables, Income and basic need indicators. The results show that a considerable inter-State inequality exists in the case of income, basic needs and overall development index. The overall development and income indices indicate that the inequality has slightly declined during the last decade. However, the income inequality is much lower than the inequality in the overall development. We hope that this study will help policy makers to identify the States making improvement in the living standards and to know whether the State disparity has been reduced over time in India.
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  • Composite Indices of Basic Human Needs and Income in India

Abstract Views: 84  |  PDF Views: 1

Authors

K. R. Shanmugam
Madras School of Economics, Behind Government Data Centre, Chennai 600 025, India
Saumitra N. Bhaduri
Madras School of Economics, Behind Government Data Centre, Chennai 600 025, India

Abstract


This study provides a few composite indices of development, using the State level data for 1981 and 1991. It uses the principal component technique, which provides a straightforward procedure for deriving a single index from a multiplicity of variables, Income and basic need indicators. The results show that a considerable inter-State inequality exists in the case of income, basic needs and overall development index. The overall development and income indices indicate that the inequality has slightly declined during the last decade. However, the income inequality is much lower than the inequality in the overall development. We hope that this study will help policy makers to identify the States making improvement in the living standards and to know whether the State disparity has been reduced over time in India.


DOI: https://doi.org/10.21648/arthavij%2F2000%2Fv42%2Fi2%2F115889