Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Enhancing the Parents-Child Communication Skills Providing Favourable Home Environment in Haryana State
Home environment provided by the parents, parental behaviour, their interaction with child and related factors tend to influence the cognitive development and socialization of children. The present study was conducted purposively in Hisar district of Haryana state. From Hisar district two areas were selected i.e., urban and rural. The sample consist 100 girls between the age group of 7-8 years and their parents (both mother and father). 50 girls and their parents were selected randomly from Hisar city and 50 girls and their parents were selected randomly from rural area. A total of 50 boys between the age group of 7 to 8 years with both of their parents were selected randomly from each location. Hence, the total sample was 600 including (200 children and 400 their parents). Home observation for measurement of the environment (HOME) by Bradley and Caldwell (1984) and Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) by Robinson et al. (1995) were used to measure home environment and Parenting Style and Dimensions Questionnaire (PSDQ) by Robinson et al. (1995) was used to measure parenting style i.e. authoritative, authoritarian and permissive. Vineland adaptive behaviour scale by Sparrow et al. (1984) used to measure the communication skill of children. Result revealed that aspect of home environment responsivity, encouragement of maturity, learning material and opportunities, enrichment were significantly associated with adaptive behaviour. Emotional climate, learning material and opportunities, Family integration, family companionship, physical environment and composite home environment were non-significantly associated with adaptive behaviour.
Home Environment, Parents-Child Interaction, Emotional Climate, Learning Materials, Family Companionship, Communication Skill.
- Ayers, H. (2002). An A to Z Practical Guide to emotional and behavioural difficulties. David Fulton Publishers, London, United Kingdom.
- Baumrind, D. (1991). The influence of parenting style on adolescent competence and substance use. J. Early Adolescence, 11(1) : 56-95.
- Bradley, R.H. and Caldwell, B.M. (1984). The home inventory: A validation of preschool scale for black children. Child Development, 52: 708-710.
- Carneiro, P. and Heckman, J.J. (2003). Human capital policy. In: J.J. Heckman and A. Krueger (eds.) Inequality in America: What Role for Human Capital Policy? MIT Press on Social Attribute Checklist. J. Law & Economics, 48 (1) :1-39.
- Elizabeth, V.D. (2003). Income changes and learning stimulation in young children’s home learning environment. J. Marriage & Family, 65(2): 82.
- Forsstrom-Cohen, B. and Rosenbaum, A. (2005). The effects of parental marital violence on young adults: An exploratory investigation. J. Marriage & Family, 27(2) : 467–472.
- Goldstein, J. (2002). One dharma: The emerging western Buddhism. San Francisco: Harper San Francisco.
- Hart, C.H., Nelson, D.A., Robinson, C.C., Olsen, S.F. and McNeilly-Choque, M.K. (2003). Overt and relational aggression in Russian nursery-school-age children: parenting style and marital linkages. Developmental Psychol., 34 (4) : 687-697.
- Judy, A. and Arthur, J. (2007). Benefits and costs of investments in preschool education: Evidence from the child parent centers and related programmes. Econ. Edu. Rev., 26 (1) : 126-144.
- Lata and Chhikara, S. (1995). Adaptive behaviour of children and related factors. Hitotsubhashi J. Social Stud., 27: 2728.
- Melhuish, E., Sylva, C., Sammons, P., Siraj-Blatchford, I. and Taggart, B. (2001). Social behavioural and cognitive development at 3-4 years in relation to family background. The effective provision of preschool education, EPPE project (Technical paper 7). DfEE. The institute of Education, London, U.S.A.
- Noller and Victor (2009). Understanding parent-adolescent interactions: Perceptions of family members and outsiders. Developmental Psychol., 24(5): 707–714.
- Parish, Dostal and Parish (2001). Evaluation of self and parent figure by children from intact, divorce and reconstituted families. J. Youth & Adolescence, 9 : 347-351.
- Ramanathan, S. (2002). Effect of birth order on intelligence. J. Psychological Res., 38(1-2): 34-38.
- Robinson, C.C., Mandleco, B., Olsen, S.F. and Hart, C.H. (1995). Authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting practices: Development of a new measure. Psychological Reports, 77 : 819-830.
- Russell, A., Hart, C., Robinson, C. and Olsen, S. (2003). Children’s sociable and aggressive behaviour with peers: A comparison of the US and Australia and contributions of temperament and parenting styles. Internat. J. Behavioral Development, 27 (1) : 74-86.
- Sparrow, S., Balla, D. and Cicchtti, D. (1984). The vineland adaptive behaviour scales – Interview Ed., Survey Form Manual.Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service.
- Terrisse, Bernard , Roberts, Daniel S. L., Palacio-Quintin, Ercilia and MacDonald, Brenda E. (1998). Effects of parenting practices and socio-economic status on child development.Swiss J. Psychol., 57 (2):114- 123.
- Yeats, K.O., Macphee, D., Campbell, F.A., Ramey, C.T. and Maternal, I.Q. (1983).Home environment as determinants of early childhood intellectual competence: A developmental analysis. Developmental Psychology, 19: 731-739.
- Yeats, K.O., Macphee, D., Campbell, F.A. and Ramey, C.T. (2003). Maternal I.Q. and home environment as determinants of early childhood intellectual competence: A developmental analysis. Developmental Psychol., 19: 731-739.
- Roger, S. (2005). What is behaviour ? http://www.psychologyandspirit.com/privacy. html.
Abstract Views: 53
PDF Views: 0