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In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Syzygium aromaticum


Affiliations
1 Department of Botany, Govt. New Science College, Rewa (M. P.)-486001, India
2 Department of Biological Sciences, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur-482001 (M. P.), India
     

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The flower bud of Syzygium aromaticum (clove) is one of the most important drugs used in indigenous medicine in India, especially in Unani medicine. Syzygium aromaticum is an effective remedy for various ailments, and it is used as anti-gas activity, anticoagulant activity, mucus clearing activity and anesthetic activity. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts of Syzygium aromaticum against two gram negative bacteria Pseudomonas sp. and Proteus vulgaris were investigated by paper disc diffusion method. Phytochemical analysis of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts of Syzygium aromaticum revealed the presence of saponins, carbohydrates, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, lipids, sterols and alkaloids. The present investigation revealed that acetone and ethanol extracts had more potent activity than the aqueous extract.

Keywords

Syzygium aromaticum, Antimicrobial Activity, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas Sp., Ethanol, Acetone.
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  • In Vitro Antimicrobial Activity and Phytochemical Screening of Syzygium aromaticum

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Authors

Keerti Shrivastava
Department of Botany, Govt. New Science College, Rewa (M. P.)-486001, India
Sherendra Sahu
Department of Botany, Govt. New Science College, Rewa (M. P.)-486001, India
Skand K. Mishra
Department of Botany, Govt. New Science College, Rewa (M. P.)-486001, India
Kantishree De
Department of Biological Sciences, Rani Durgavati University, Jabalpur-482001 (M. P.), India

Abstract


The flower bud of Syzygium aromaticum (clove) is one of the most important drugs used in indigenous medicine in India, especially in Unani medicine. Syzygium aromaticum is an effective remedy for various ailments, and it is used as anti-gas activity, anticoagulant activity, mucus clearing activity and anesthetic activity. Antimicrobial activity of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts of Syzygium aromaticum against two gram negative bacteria Pseudomonas sp. and Proteus vulgaris were investigated by paper disc diffusion method. Phytochemical analysis of aqueous, ethanol and acetone extracts of Syzygium aromaticum revealed the presence of saponins, carbohydrates, glycosides, flavonoids, tannins, lipids, sterols and alkaloids. The present investigation revealed that acetone and ethanol extracts had more potent activity than the aqueous extract.

Keywords


Syzygium aromaticum, Antimicrobial Activity, Proteus vulgaris, Pseudomonas Sp., Ethanol, Acetone.

References