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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programme on Knowledge regarding Dietary Awareness to Reduce the Risk of Renal Stones among the People of Mehsana City
Background: Renal calculi may be defined as the stone formation in the kidney. The stones may be calcium phosphate, calcium oxalate, uric acid and magnesium ammonium sulphate. Calcium ammonium sulphates are the most common.1 many factors are involved in the incidence and the type of the stones formation which include metabolic changes, diet, climatic changes, lifestyles, occupation, urinary stasis and urinary tract infections, long term indwelling catheters.2Aims and Objective: To assess the knowledge regarding the dietary awareness to reduce the risk of renal stones among the people of Mehsana city. To assess the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding the dietary awareness to reduce the risk of renal stones among the people of Mehsana city. To find out the association between knowledge with their selected demographic variable among the people of Mehsana city. Methods: A quantitative approach using pre experimental one group pre test -post test design. 100 people were selected using non probability convenience sampling in Mehsana city. Planned teaching programme was given to the people residing in Mehsana city. Self structure questionnaire will prepare and used to assess the knowledge regarding dietary awareness to reduce the risk of renal stone. Results: in this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the age group 48% (20-30), gender 52% (female), religion 86% (Hindu), marital status married (70%), family type 73% (joint), education status 45% (higher secondary), occupation 50% (other), monthly income 38% (less than 5000), renal stone history 100% (no), type of water used to drink 55% (R.O.), take medication on regular basis 93% (no). Post test knowledge mean score (17.1+1.76) was higher than the pre test knowledge mean score (9.77+3.58). The calculated “T” value (25.77) was greater than the table value (1.98) at 0.05 level of significance. The pre test and post test mean % is 39.08% and 68.4% and different is 29.32%.so knowledge is increase after intervention. This indicates that the planned teaching programme is effective in increasing the knowledge regarding dietary awareness to reduce the risk of renal stone. Chi-square test to associate the level of knowledge and selected demographic variable.
Assess, Effectiveness, Planned Teaching Programme, Knowledge, Renal Stone, Dietary Awareness.
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