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A Study to Assess the Effectiveness of Planned Teaching Programe on Knowledge regarding prevention of Lung Cancer among Industrial Workers in Selected Industry of Mehsana District
INTRODUCTION: Lung cancer is disease characterized by uncontrolled cell growth in tissues of the Lung. If left untreated, this growth can spread beyond the Lung in a process called metastasis into nearby tissues and eventually, into other parts the body. Most cancer that starts in lung known as primary lung cancers, are carcinomas that drive from epithelium cells. The most common causes of lung cancer is long term exposure to silica, abestastosis, tobacco smoke, nonsmokers accounting for 15% of lung cancer causes and these are often attributed to a combination of genetic factors, radon gas, asbestos, air pollution, and positive smoke. Worldwide in 2012, Lung Cancer occurred in 1.8 million people and resulted in1.6 million Deaths. The aim of this study was to assess the effectiveness of Planned teaching programme on Prevention of Lung cancer among Industrial worker. DESIGN: A quantitative approach using pre experimental pre-test post-test design with one group. PARTICIPANTS: 100 Industrial worker were selected using Non-Probability Convenient sampling technique in Mehsana District. INTERVENTIONS: Planned teaching was given to the Industrial worker. TOOL: Self Structured Questionnaire was used to assess the level of Knowledge regarding prevention of Lung cancer among Industrial worker RESULTS: In this study overall the highest percentage in the demographic data including the Age group 36% (28-37y), Gender 100% (Male), Religion 100% (Hindu), Marital status 71% (Married), Education 46% (Higher Secondary), Area of residence 64 % (Rural) Types of Industries 50% (cotton &construction), Duration of working in Industry 0-05 year (46%), and Monthly income 59% (5001-10,000). The post- test mean score (15.97 ±1.44) and was higher than the mean pre-test knowledge score (10.11 ±1.55). The calculated “T” value 27.71) was greater than the table value (1.98) at 0.05 level of significance. The Planned teaching was effective in increasing the Knowledge regarding Prevention of lung cancer among industrial worker. Chi-square test to associate the level of knowledge and selected demographic variable. CONCLUSION: The findings of the study indicate that Planned teaching programme is effective in increase knowledge regarding prevention of lung cancer among Industrial worker.
Assess Effectiveness, Planned Teaching Programme, Knowledge, Prevention, Lung Cancer.
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