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Calendar Anomaly in 3 Indices of CNX Nifty with Respect to Empirical Study of Quarter of the Year Effect, Month of the Year Effect for the Period of January 2004-March 2013
Calendar anomalies in CNX Finance index which consist of 15 Finance-Housing, Banks, Financial Institution, CNX IT index consist of 20 Computer-Software companies, CNX Pharmaceutical index consist of 10 Pharmaceutical companies. This study tests the presence of the 'quarter of the year effect', 'month of the year effect' on stock market indices volatility by using the CNX Finance index, CNX IT index, CNX Pharmaceutical index during the period of 1st January 2004 to 31st March 2013. Data was analysed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics. Thus findings revealed that quarter of the year effect, month of the year effect is present in all 3 indices volatility i.e. risk and returns. The maximum returns of CNX Finance index, CNX Pharmaceutical index are observed in 2nd Quarter and minimum returns are observed in 4th Quarter. Whereas maximum returns of CNX IT index is observed in the Quarter 2 and minimum returns in the Quarter 1. CNX Finance and CNX IT both are showing maximum volatility in 1st quarter, Quarter 4 is highly volatile for CNX Pharmaceutical index. Finance index maximum returns in the month of September. Whereas IT index shows maximum returns in December month. Pharmaceutical index shows maximum returns in the month of April. Finance index shows minimum returns in the month of October, IT index shows minimum returns in the month of May, Pharmaceutical index shows minimum returns in the month of January. Finance and IT index shows maximum volatility in the month of May, whereas Pharmaceutical index shows maximum volatility in the month of October.
CNX Finance Index, CNX it Index, CNX Pharmaceutical Index, Month of the Year Effect, Quarter of the Year Effect, Volatility
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