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Socio-economic Status of Farm Women in Coastal Odisha


Affiliations
1 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar (Odisha), India
     

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In Indian society, women have a multi dimensional role. The largest number of women in India is engaged in farming operations either as cultivators or as supervisors or as agricultural labourers. A study was conducted to assess the socio-economic status of women in agriculture in coastal districts of Odisha during the year 2013-14. The findings suggested that majority of the farmers (63.14 %) were under BPL ( Below Poverty Line). When male wage rate was compared to female wage rate for agricultural activities, females represented a lower value Rs. 186.66/day compared to male workers (Rs. 235.57±15.31), and it was statistically significant (Z=11.71**, p<0.01) for male workers. The average total monthly income of the household was Rs. 3459.74. Women were earning less for both in agricultural (Rs. 292.33) and non-agricultural activity (Rs. 244.68) compared to male farmers (Rs. 859.96 for agriculture and Rs. 704.72 for non agricultural activity). The study clearly showed that there was gender inequality in case income of the women between the male and the female farmers.

Keywords

Socio-economic status, Farm women
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  • Socio-economic Status of Farm Women in Coastal Odisha

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Authors

C. Devadarshini
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar (Odisha), India
D. Jena
Department of Food Science and Nutrition, College of Community Science, Odisha University of Agriculture and Technology, Bhubaneswar (Odisha), India

Abstract


In Indian society, women have a multi dimensional role. The largest number of women in India is engaged in farming operations either as cultivators or as supervisors or as agricultural labourers. A study was conducted to assess the socio-economic status of women in agriculture in coastal districts of Odisha during the year 2013-14. The findings suggested that majority of the farmers (63.14 %) were under BPL ( Below Poverty Line). When male wage rate was compared to female wage rate for agricultural activities, females represented a lower value Rs. 186.66/day compared to male workers (Rs. 235.57±15.31), and it was statistically significant (Z=11.71**, p<0.01) for male workers. The average total monthly income of the household was Rs. 3459.74. Women were earning less for both in agricultural (Rs. 292.33) and non-agricultural activity (Rs. 244.68) compared to male farmers (Rs. 859.96 for agriculture and Rs. 704.72 for non agricultural activity). The study clearly showed that there was gender inequality in case income of the women between the male and the female farmers.

Keywords


Socio-economic status, Farm women

References