Open Access Subscription Access
Open Access Subscription Access
Diet Intervention and ADHD Symptoms with Reference to Gender, Socio-Economic Status and Area of Residence
This study is intended to provide a comprehensive overview of the role of diet intervention on the behaviour of a random group of male and female School going Children of different socio-economic status and area of residence who meet the DSM IV criteria for ADHD. Though there is a wealth of research studies on the association of diet and supplements with the ADHD symptoms, there has been minimal empirical research in India charecterising dietary intervention with gender, socio-economic status and area of residence. The present study was carried out with a questionnaire consisting of 25 questions in the form of five scale rating which was administered to the subjects in six sessions to determine the prevalence of ADHD symptoms during the diet intervention. School going children of age group of 4-12 years were assessed for ADHD symptoms using DSM IV criteria. Forty one male and nine females with ADHD symptoms were selected for the diet intervention study. This current pre post study establishes that elimination of chocolates, Maida, bakery confectionaries, soft drinks, and junk food in the diet and replacing with highly nutritive value foods as per the RDA can reduce the ADHD symptoms. The study also revealed that gender, socio-economic status or the area of residence doesnt play any role in the diet intervention of ADHD children though the prevalance of ADHD is more seen in the males.
ADHD – Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Diet Intervention, Food Elimination, School Going Children, DSM IV Criteria.
- American Psychiatric Association (2013). Diagnostic and Statistcal Manual of Mental Disorders (V), Washington DC : APA.
- Arnold, L.E. and Di Silvesto, R.A. (2005). Zinc in attention – deficit / hyperactivity disorder. J Child Adloesc Psychopharmacol., 15 : 619-627
- Arnold, L.E., Di Silvestro, R.A., Fernandez, S. and Joseph, E. (2011). Zinc for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder: placebo controlled double-blind pilot trial alone and combined with amphetamine. J. Child & Adolescent Psychopharmacol., 21 : 1-19.
- Arnold, L.E. (2011). Sex differences in ADHD: conference summary; attention deficit- hyperactivity disorder. J. Abn. Psy, 24(5).
- Biederman, J. and Faraone, S.V. (2005). Attention defecit hyperactivity disorder, Lancet, 366 : 237-248.
- Biederman, J., Petty, C.R., Monuteaux, M.C., Fried, R., Byrne, D., Mirto, T., Spencer, T., Wilens, T.E., Faraone, S.V. (2010). Adult psychiatric outcomes of girls with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: 11-Year Follow-Up in a Longitudinal Case-Control Study, 2010, Am J Psychiatry, 167(4) :409-417.
- Cormier, E. and Elder, J.H. (2007). Diet and child behaviour problems : Fact of Fiction? Pediatric Nursing, 33 (2) : 138-143.
- Duca Jr., R.A. (2010). Nutritional considerations in the management of attention deficit hyperactivity. The Original Internist,12 : 159-175.
- Hill, P. and Taylor, E. (2001). An auditable protocol for treating attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Arch. Dis. Child., 1 : 4-16.
- Jensen, P.S., Arnold, L.E., Swanson, J.M., Vitiello, B., Abikoff, H.B., Greenhill, L.L., Hechtman, L., Hinshaw, S.P., Pelham, W.E., Wells, K.C., Conners, C.K., Elliott, G.R., Epstein, J.N., Hoza, B., March, J.S., Molina, B.S., Newcorn, J.H., Severe, J.B., Wigal, T., Gibbons, R.D. and Hur, K. (2007). 3-Year follow-up of the NIMH MTA study. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Psychiatry, 46 (8) : 989-1002.
- Lesley, Foulkes-Jamison (2000). Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Gender Differences Cpancf. Com. Articles and Tips
- Lesley, Jamison (2000). Clinical Psychology Associates of North Central Florida., 2121 NW 40th Terr. Ste B, Gainesville, FL 32605 (352) 336-2888
- Molina, Brooke S.G., Hinshaw, Stephen P., Swanson, James M., Arnold, L. Eugene, Vitiello, Benedetto, Jensen, Peter S., Epstein, Jeffery N., Hoza, Betsy, Hechtman, Lily, Abikoff, Howard B., Elliott Glen R., Greenhill, Laurence L., Newcorn, Jeffrey H., Wells, Karen C., Wigal, Timothy, Gibbons, Robert D., Hur, Kwan, Houck, Patricia R. and The MTA Cooperative Group (2009). The MTA at 8 years: prospective follow –up of children treated for combined –type ADHD in a multisite study. J. Am. Acad. Child Adolesc. Pschiatry, 48 : 484-500
- Nutritional Requiremtns and recommended Daily Allowances for Indians (2009). A report of the expert group of the Indian Council of Medical Research. National Institute of Nutrition.
- Pelsser, L.M., Frankena, K., Toorman, J., Savelkoul, H.F., Pereira, R.R. and Buitelaar, J.K. (2009). A randomised controlled trial into the effects of food onADHD. Eur Child Adolesc Psychiatry, 18 : 12-19.
- Rucklidge, J.J., Johnstone, J. and Kaplan, B.J. (2009). Nutrient supplementation approaches in the treatment of ADHD. Expert Rev. Neurotherapeutics, 9 : 461-485.
- Schnoll, R., Burshteyn, D. and Cea-Aravena, J. (2003). Nutrition in the treatment of attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder:A Neglected but important Aspect.Appl. Psychophysiol. & Biofeedback, 28(1),63-73.
- Stevenson, J. (2010). Recent research on food additives: implications for CAMH.Child & Adolescent Mental Health,15(3)130-133.
- Waring, M.E. and Lapne, K.L. (2008). Over weight in children and adolescents relation to ADHD . The result from a National sample. Pediatrics, 122 (1) .
- Goldstein, S. and Ingersll, B. (2000). Controversial Treatments for children with attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder. Retrieved from. http: www.nyadhdexperts.com
Abstract Views: 185
PDF Views: 0